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Ceturtdiena 17.08.2017 | Name days: Oļegs, Vineta

Less cereal sown last year

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Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RU

Cereal sowings amounted to 526.6 thousand hectares last year which was by 14.9 thousand ha or 2.8% less than in 2010. But in 2010, accordingly, this indicator was by 0.7 thousand ha or 0.1% more than in 2009.

The proportion of cereal sowings in the total area of sowings, compared to previous years, has remained almost unchanged – in 2011 it was 48.5% (2010 – 49.1%, and 2009 – 48.5%), but in the structure of cereal sowings the proportion between winter crops and spring crops has changed, the data of the Central Statistics Bureau indicate.

Because of unfavourable weather conditions, part of winter crops sown in the autumn of 2010 did not survive, but the proportion of winter crops in the total area of sowings decreased from 53.2% in 2010 to 46.2% in 2011. In 2011, the area of winter crops’ sowings decreased by 44.7 thousand ha or 15.5%. Instead of non-wintered areas spring crops were sowed, increasing their area by 29.8 thousand ha or 11.8%, including spring wheat – by 28.6 thousand ha or 35.0%.

In 2011, the total pick of cereal amounted to 1.4 million tons which is by 23.5 thousand tons or 1.6% less than in 2010. The total pick of winter crops, in turn, decreased by 217.9 thousand tons or 23.4%. Last year was good for spring crops – the total pick increased by 194.4 thousand tons or 38.6%, including spring wheat – by 121.9 thousand tons or 61.3% which gave a significant impact to the total pick of cereal.

Withered and non-harvested cereal sowings amounted to 24.3 thousand ha or 4.6% of all cereal sowings in 2011 (in 2010 – 4.5%).

In 2011, 1061.1 thousand tons of grain were purchased which is by 59.0 thousand tons or 5.3% less than in the previous year. 81.3% of all purchased grain consisted of wheat (in 2010 – 81.7%). The wheat purchase amount decreased by 52.6 thousand tons or 5.7%, including food wheat – by 34.7 thousand tons or 5.4%. The proportion of food wheat remained unchanged in the total amount of purchased wheat – 70.4%. A considerable decrease was observed in the purchase amount of barley, including food barley – accordingly, by 18.3 thousand tons or 15.1% and 12.8 thousand tons or 53.4%.

In 2011, rye were purchased by 9.2 thousand tons or 18.4% more than in 2010 (in 2010 – by 96.6 thousand tons or 65.9% less than in the previous year), including food rye – by 3.8 thousand tons or 11.2% more.

Average purchase prices of cereal kept increasing. In 2011, there was an increase by 27.0% (in 2010 – by 44.8%) – from 106.06 LVL per ton in 2010 to 134.70 LVL per ton in 2011.

The proportion of rape sowings in the total sowings area is increasing, and in 2011 it reached 11.2% (in 2010 – 10.0%). Sowing areas increased by 10.7 thousand ha or 9.7%, including spring rape – by 34.1 thousand ha or 79.3%, because part of non-wintered rape sowings were re-sowed with spring rape. Winter rape sowings decreased by one third and their proportion in the total area of rape sowings decreased from 61.1% in 2010 to 36.5% in 2011.

In the last year there were by 14.3 thousand tons or 3.0% more potatoes harvested than in the previous year, while plantation areas decreased by 1.5%.

In 2011, 168.2 thousand tons of vegetables were harvested (including greenhouses) which is by 17.2 thousand tons or 11.4% more than in the previous year. Open-field vegetable areas increased only by 1.0%, while there were by 12.8 thousand tons or 9.2% more vegetables harvested, thus the average productivity per 1 ha increased from 172 ql. in 2010 to 186 ql. in 2011.


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