Latviski English По-русски
Ceturtdiena 22.03.2018 | Name days: Tamāra, Dziedra

Chinese «birth tourism» to be limited worldwide

(No Ratings Yet)

The Canadian government is planning to revise the law to prevent Chinese women going to this northern country to give birth so their children automatically gain Canadian citizenship, Xinkuaibao newspaper reported.

Possible changes include no automatic citizenship with birth for Chinese children, besides a pregnancy test will be obligatory for Chinese women to obtain visas.

Canada is not the only country in the world having problems with growing Chinese birth rate. A similar situation is in the United States of America and in Hong Kong, also the Chinese one-child policy refers also to children born in Hong Kong.

According to the latest Hong Kong statistics, the number of pregnant Chinese «birth-tourists» traveling to Hong Kong to have their children has increased by 108% in the past 12 months. In 2010, China Daily with reference to Hong Kong population census reported that 41 000 children were born in Hong Kong such way which is about 47% of the total number of children born in Hong Kong.

The Hong Kong administration announced last month it is to limit the number of the so-called birth tourists to 3400 births per year. However, it is not actually possible, because most women «go on a trip» in last days of their pregnancy and, in the case of «unexpected» birth, they are, of course, accepted in Hong Kong hospitals.

The reason for Chinese women going to Hong Kong to have their children is, probably, a better healthcare.

Late last year the Chinese «birth tourism» to USA became a national topic of discussion when a famous Chinese actor had accompanied his pregnant wife to Los Angeles, where she is to give birth to the couple’s second child, Bloomberg reports. Simply speaking, the reason is self-evident: Children born in USA are entitled to USA passports, free American education and other rights of USA citizenship that are not readily available to children born in China. However, in most cases the reason is the strict Chinese birth policy prohibiting Chinese couples to have more than one child already for many decades.

In 2002, the Family Planning Law was finally passed in China officially providing that only families in rural areas can have two children in cases when first child is a girl. However, such a policy has been implemented for at least 20 years. If a family wants a second child, it has to apply for permission in competent authorities. If there is no permission, Chinese authorities are inexorable – women pregnant with a second child are forced to do abortion; if they defy, there is other kind of violence and, in the best case, the family is fined with enormous sums, according to entries in the social network Sina Weibo.

Zhao Bingli, vice minister of the State Family Planning Commission, in the interview to points out that «after 30 years of efforts, exponential population growth has been effectively controlled, and some 300 million births have been prevented.»

China’s birth policy is being widely criticized, noting that such an attitude may destroy the country’s future.

Canada and USA having the biggest number of Chinese «birth tourists», suffer from an apparent population growth, because, although Chinese children are officially registered in the country where they are born, families almost always return to China. But Chinese statistics do not count these children at least until next population census, thus resulting in distorted statistics. Besides, American and Canadian authorities are not satisfied with the fact that children who are their citizens but practically grow up in another country, enjoy the same rights and privileges as American and Canadian children.

While Chinese «birth tourism» is becoming a more and more crucial problem in USA, Canada, Hong Kong and other developed countries, Chinese official media and the government keep silent, sharing an opinion that Chinese birth policy is in general very successful and it is being unfoundedly criticized.


Leave a reply

Farmers in Latvia dissatisfied with resolution of electricity-related problems

Two months have passed since farmers in Latvia had received unjustifiably large electricity bills. Countless meetings and discussions have taken place in those two months. Unfortunately, no decisive measures have been undertaken to resolve the problem. Farmers are confused with decision-makers’ incisiveness in a matter important to the national economy, as noted by the Farmers’ Saeima.

Life after 25 May: is this the end for free publication of photo galleries from events?

Many of us like to check out photos from concerts, conferences or sport events on gallery portals and social networks to have a look at guests of those events. However, after 25 May, when General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) comes into force, the situation will no longer be the same.

Saeima to establish legal framework for Baltic cooperation in disaster prevention

On Thursday, 22 March, Latvian Saeima supported a legislative draft, ratification of which will help create legal framework with other Baltic States in prevention of disasters, as reported by the parliament’s press-service.

Number of complaints with postal services on a rise in Latvia

Public Utilities Commission has compiled information about complaints submitted by residents in regards to postal services in 2017. The number of complaints has increased alongside opposing views about package terminals – the regulator has received 37 complaints in total.

Output of livestock products in Latvia increased in 2017

Compared to 2016, output of meat grew by 4.6 % and output of milk by 1.4 % in 2017. In 2017, in Latvia 91.2 thousand tonnes of meat were produced, which is 4.0 thousand tonnes or 4.6 % more than in 2016. The most significant increase was observed in the output of poultry (of 11.3 %) and pork (4.7 %).

Turkey's offensive in Syria condemned by NATO ally Germany

Angela Merkel, the head of the German federal government has stated that Turkey’s military offensive in the northern Syrian town of Afrin was unacceptable and she blamed Russia for simply watching, while attacks by Syrian government forces on besieged eastern Ghouta continue.

Finance minister still believes tax reform in Latvia has brought results

«The tax reform has given us the results we had expected, especially in regards to combating envelope wages,» said Latvia’s Finance Minister Dana Reizniece-Ozola in an interview to 900 seconds programme of LNT.

Planned hospital reorganisation in Lithuanian regions irks both mayors and patients

If the plan of the Lithuanian Ministry of Health to overhaul treatment services in the provinces does not hit a snag, the rural hospitals will be soon providing only essential care and nursing, the focus will be on out-patient care and treatment will be available only in larger county hospitals.

Ventspils beach high in popularity this week; Lembergs gets spotlight time as well

Ventspils ended up in the spotlight in an unusual way this week: seals washed up on the beach there. Animal Freedom emphasizes that human contact with baby seals would hurt them. Residents are asked to maintain at least 50 m distance from them. However, the suspended Mayor of Ventspils Aivars Lembergs decided to take photos with baby seals and publish them on his Facebook profile.

Ombudsman: problems in nursing homes and social care centres are associated with lack of funding

Problems in nursing homes and social care centres are largely associated with lack of funding, because it is not possible to perform high-quality work using currently available resources. This is the responsibility of ministries and the government, as ombudsman Juris Jansons mentioned in an interview to Latvijas Radio.

Estonian music authors receive record royalties for 2017

The organisation, which is tasked by collecting royalties for local and foreign music in Estonia, the Estonian Authors' Society, has received six million euros in royalties in 2017, which is its record level.

Facebook sorry for permitting exploitation of 50 million user data in politics

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has apologised for the social network failing to ensure enough privacy to its users that allowed for data on about 50 million of its users to abused by a political consultancy firm.

Zhdanok’s replacement to promote non-citizen matter in European Parliament

Miroslavs Mitrofanovs, who has taken Tatyana Zhdanok’s place in the European Parliament, plans to promote the matter of non-citizens in the institution.

Riga City Council committee supports increasing municipalities’ expenditures by 42.38 mln euro

Following an initiative from the Financial Department, the outlook for the municipality’s base budget revenue has been increased by EUR 1.66 million for 2018. The expenditures portion of the budget is planned to be increased by EUR 42.377 million, as reported by Riga City Council.

French ex-President named suspect in Libya funding case

In France, its ex-President Nicolas Sarkozy has been named as a suspect in the formal investigation for alleged illicit campaign financing, misappropriation of public funds of Libya and passive corruption.

Finance sector’s development council supports prohibition of shell companies

On Wednesday, 21 March, Latvian Prime Minister Māris Kučinskis’ managed Finance Sector’s Development Council supported initiative on prohibiting shell companies, as confirmed by the prime minister.

Level of producer prices in Latvia’s industry is up 3.4%

Compared to January, level of producer prices in the Latvian industry rose by 0.5 % in February 2018. Prices of products sold on the domestic market grew by 0.7 %, but prices of exported products went up by 0.3 %.

Minister: Latvia is far behind its neighbours in terms of digitization and e-skills

In terms of digitization and e-skills, Latvia is far behind its neighbouring countries and the rest of Europe, said Latvian Economy Minister Arvils Ašeradens in an interview to Latvijas Radio.

OECD: Latvian employees work longest hours in Baltics

In a comparison of Baltic countries per average annual hours worked, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development has found earlier this year that the average Latvian worker spends 1,910 hours at work, followed by the Lithuanian employee with 1,885 hours and the average Estonian worker with 1,855 hours.

12th Saeima failed to complete half of its pre-election promises in field of justice

In 2014, Delna – society for openness and Providus think tank received support from all parties represented in the 12th Saeima in regards to an action plan to help strengthen the rule of law in the country.

Russia carries out military drills in Gulf of Finland

Russian Defence Ministry has stated that in the Baltic Sea Gulf of Finland, which has Finland, Russia and Estonia in its coastline, the Russian military has performed drills for its tactical special operations units.

Prime minister doubts Anti-Money Laundering Service head’s competence

«The work performed by the service requires drastic changes. Whether or not it can be done by its current head [Viesturs Burkāns], I am not sure,» said Latvian Prime Minister Māris Kučinskis in an interview to LNT, commenting on the work performed by Latvian Anti-Money Laundering Service.

Vilnius chosen for office of game developer Lockwood Publishing from UK

UK's mobile game developer Lockwood Publishing has unveiled plans to open its first overseas office in Vilnius, pointing to the industry's talent in Lithuania and the wider region.

Association: municipalities should organize their work on their own

On 6 March, Latvian Association of Local and Regional Governments reviewed the letter sent to Riga City Council by Environment Protection and Regional Development Ministry, in which the institution ordered the municipality to review their internal order and lift restrictions on the length of debates and the number of questions deputies are allowed to ask.

Canada moves to increase gun control

Canada's federal federal government has proposed new gun control measures, but they could reduce support to the ruling Liberal Party in rural areas, where guns are widely owned and used.