bnn.lv Latviski   bnn-news.com English   bnn-news.ru По-русски
Wednesday 17.01.2018 | Name days: Tenis, Dravis

Five possible natural disasters that worry researchers

FaceBook
Twitter
Draugiem
print
(No Ratings Yet)

Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUMassive floods, fires, earthquakes and volcano eruptions – without a doubt, those are natural processes that transpire on earth. These processes are also affected by climate change, which is something mankind is responsible for.

National Geographic channel has compiled a list of possible natural catastrophes environmental researchers are worried about the most:

2050-2100: large territories in Northern Europe and the eastern coast of USA may become flooded

Powerful storms, high tides and rising water level – this is the way the ocean slowly responds to climate change and temperature rise. Sea level rise is affected by arctic glaciers and expansion of water mass as they melt.

Estimates by Niels Bohr Institute of the University of Copenhagen say the sea level in Scandinavia, England, Netherlands and northern parts of Germany may rise by 1.5 m. There is a relatively high probability (26-27%) that the water level may rise by 1.75 m near London and 1.8 m in Netherlands. Sea level rise by 2 m can cause floods in many cities located along the US eastern coast. Researchers from Virginia Institute of Marine Science have concluded that the sea level may rise by 79 cm in the next forty years. Nearly one-fourth of cities could end up in danger of flooding.

2015-2050: the most powerful forest fires in USA

Hot and dry summers create conditions that increase the risk of fires. Scientists from Harvard Engineering and Applied Research School predict forest fire seasons will become three weeks longer by 2050, which will lead to larger scale of destruction caused by fires. Since 1999, territories impacted by fires have been expanding by 0.9 to 2.6 million ha every year. This means losses worth millions of dollars every year. Last year, a massive fire in Washington had caused losses worth more than EUR 8 million by ravaging 104,000 ha of territory.

Summer forest fires often strike in Portugal, Spain and France. Predictions for the future for fire in that region are not optimistic at all.

2015-2050: the angriest volcanoes in Iceland are expected to wake up

Iceland, which is home to 30 glacier-covered volcanoes, is located on the connecting lines of the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates. Those tectonic plates are said to be gradually moving away from each other. This is why researchers are concerned about any signs of increasing volcanic activity. Especially, considering the eruption of Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull in 2010 and the complete paralysis of flights in all of Europe.

Eight thousand years ago Bardarbunga caused the largest volcanic eruption in the past ten thousand years. The last time this volcano erupted was 1910. Noticing underground tremors near the volcano in 2014, Iceland’s Meteorological Service warned about a possible eruption. Meteorologists predicted lots of possible outcomes, ranging from floods to enormous cracks and the eruption of Torfajökull, which could have caused major pollution of local rivers and hydroelectric station. The volcano eruption that was the largest since 1783 lasted for approximately six months. The amount of lava that was shot out of the volcano every five minutes was enough to fill and American football field.

2015-2056: Chile expected to experience mega-earthquakes

Chile is one of the most seismically active countries in the world. This is because the country is located in the Pacific Ocean’s ‘circle of fire’. This location experiences 75% of all of the world’s tectonic activities. Powerful underground tremors in Chile are felt at least several times every year. On 1 April 2014, there was an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.2 on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, causing destruction and two-metre tall waves near the city of Iquique.  It was quickly followed by powerful tremors and another earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8.

Iquique is located in an area known for high activity of tectonic plates. In 1960, Chile suffered an earthquake with a magnitude of 9.5, which caused a tsunami in Japan and Hawaii Islands. It is believed to have had been the most powerful registered tectonic cataclysm.

2015-2065: a powerful earthquake could destroy Oregon and cause major destruction in California

Oregon is also located on the connecting area between tectonic plates (Juan de Fuca Plate and North American Plate). It is, however, considered the ‘quietest point of contact of tectonic plates’. It is this supposed seismic silence that makes researchers concerned. Since 2010, researchers have been predicting the possibility of a devastating earthquake in Oregon powerful enough to cause a tsunami and cause damage worth dozens of billion dollars for the US western coast. Researchers are worried about the situation with the entire Cascadia subduction zone (goes from California’s north all the way to Vancouver), because for years the seismic situation there has been similar to that of the state of Japan prior to the earthquake of 2011. The last time there was a major earthquake was noted in California’s south was 1857, when an earthquake with magnitude of 7.9 was registered.

Ref: 102.109.109.6912


Leave a reply

Betsafe: To Latvia from the Heart has laughable chance of entering next Saeima

With declining ratings, Inguna Sudraba’s party To Latvia from The Heart has been left with laughable chances of entering the next Saeima, Betsafe bookmakers say.

EU Affairs Committee: EU Digital Single Market motivated Latvia to perform reforms

European Union’s Digital Single Market strategy offered new opportunities for Latvian businessmen to actively present their services in other member states. The strategy also served as an impulse for the business environment and state administration. The strategy motivates our government to walk the road of reformation more actively and clean up messes that have remained for a long time, said chairperson of Saeima’s European Affairs Committee Lolita Čigāne on Wednesday, 17 January.

Expert: Zhdanok’s decision to leave EP was carefully calculated to revive Latvian Russians Union

The decision made by member of the European Parliament (EP) and leader of Latvian Russians Union (LRU) Tatyana Zhdanok, in accordance with which she intends to leave the European Parliament to instead focus on LRU’s election campaign, was a carefully calculated step to reanimate the party, said dean of Social Sciences Faculty of the University of Latvia Juris Rozenvalds.

Maxima Latvia expects price decline up to 15% in 2018

Following Maxima Latvija’s decision to reduce prices for nearly 1,000 important goods, it is expected that a similar step will be made by other players in the industry. This could mean prices for everyday goods could decline by up to 15%, as BNN was informed by the company.

Latvia’s economy reaches highest peak since 2015

Residents’ mood has improved for most positions of the study. Residents were positive the most about ongoing changes for Latvia’s economy, the value of which has reached its peak since July 2015. In spite of optimistic changes, however, 30% of respondents are critical about ongoing economic changes in Latvia, according to results of the latest Baltic International Bank’s Latvian Barometer.

Riga exchange hopes for new securities issuers this year

There are hopes to see new Latvian businesses release shares on the stock market this year, says chairperson of Nasdaq Riga Daiga Auziņa-Melalksne.

Latvian universities to offer students an innovative grant system

To help develop students’ innovative and business abilities, Latvian Education and Science Ministry has developed a new student grant system, which will focus mainly on supporting innovative projects and research and further improve cooperation between universities and leading businesses to attract human resources, the ministry reports.

Russian sociologists fear closure, quit publishing election polls

Russian leading independent polling organisation Levada Center has stated it has quit releasing results of polls on the country’s spring presidential election citing concern that the authorities could close it down for what they see as meddling in politics.

Court maintains pledge on former LAR leader’s bank accounts and owned property

Court has applied pledge status on property and bank accounts owned by Riga City Council member Mārtiņš Bondars to enforce EUR 15 million from him as part of Latvijas Krajbanka criminal case, as reported by TV3 News.

McDonald’s to use unrecycled packaging for 7 more years

World’s largest catering chain McDonalds has set the aim of ensuring that by 2025 all its packaging would be from either from recycled or renewable materials, which would be an increase current proportion of a half.

Saeima speaker: Judicial Affairs Council’s work should be more apparent

Work performed by the Judicial Affairs Council should be made more apparent, said Saeima speaker Ināra Mūrniece during her meeting with Supreme Court chairman Ivars Bičkovičs.

Mass protests in Greece do not hold back new bailout reforms

The parliament of Greece has adopted a large set of reforms pushed for by international creditors in return for more bailout money, despite approximately 20 000 people protesting outside the parliament and brief clashes with riot police breaking out.

Foster families in Latvia to receive larger benefits

Municipal administrations have a duty to pay larger benefits for child care when children are put in foster families, Latvian Welfare Ministry reports.

Government plans to improve anti-doping measures in Latvia

During a meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers, a legislative draft developed by Healthcare Ministry on adding changes to the Sports Law for the improvement the country’s anti-doping measures was approved.

Only 12% of workers know their organization’s IT security policy

Businesses around the world still suffer from a catastrophically low level of awareness for IT matters, according to a study performed by Kaspersky Lab and B2B International.

Parents let children on ice in spite of temporary restriction

On Sunday, 14 January, officers of Riga Municipal Police observed with video-recording equipment how two people were skating on the surface of Victory Park’s pond. Because it is banned for people to remain on ice of large bodies of water in Riga, officers were sent in.

Czech President to be determined in duel between Zeman and Drahoš

In the Czech presidential election, no candidate has garnered a half of the votes and its result will be determined in a run-off between the current eursceptic President and a pro-European academic.

Aldaris: non-alcoholic beer market in Latvia grew 9% in 2017

Aldaris concluded 2017 with a significant increase in their non-alcoholic beer category of products. Demand for non-alcoholic beer has increased across all of Latvia – market growth was 9% in 2017, as reported by the company’s representatives.

Politician reports meddling with e-health system; prime minister parries

Last Thursday, 11 January, e-health system ‘suffered malfunctions’, which suggests that it may have been hacked, Saeima’s Social and Employment Matters Committee head Aija Barča mentioned in an interview to Latvijas Radio.

Pension fund cautious about 500-million-euro bridge project to Saaremaa

Commenting on the idea that Estonian pension funds could invest into the ambitious project of building a bridge from mainland Estonia to the country’s largest island, Swedish Swedbank has expressed caution.

Study: more than half of Latvians do not trust other people

52% of Latvian residents believe most people cannot be trusted. Only 5% of residents are ready to trust their fellow man. Less than one-fifth of Latvian residents trust decision-makers, according to results of a study performed by SKDS.

Economic expert: 2018 expected to be good for investors

«This year promises to be good for investors, because global economy is on a rise and profits of businesses have a tendency to grow,» says Luminor economic expert Gints Belēvičs.

Estonia counts more residents for 3rd consecutive year

Registering an increase in the Estonian population for the third consecutive year, Estonian statisticians have estimated that the population has increased by 3,070 people to 1,318,700 residents. They have also warned that this is preliminary data, which could still change considerably as unregistered immigration has not been included.

Russian school struck by teenager knife attack

In a knife attack on a school in Perm, Russia, eleven children and a teacher have suffered injuries.

NA: city council has to consider new partnership approach for Agenskalns market

Riga City Council members have to decide what is more important for Agenskalns market’s development: rate or quality. There are two options: force a closed market development with an auction of long-term lease or consider public private partnership option. Such a proposal was submitted to Riga City Council’s City Property Committee by the faction of the National Alliance.

Newest comments

Would you be ready to boycott something in your life?

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...

Polls Archive



Category feed: Feed: