Thus the record of the previous year is surpassed and the highest level of the total harvested production of grain in the history of Latvia is reached, according to the preliminary data of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia.
The significant growth in the harvested production of grain was affected not only by the increase of area sowed with cropper (by 17.2 thousand ha or 2.6 % more than in 2014), but also by a significant growth of the average yield per one hectare of sowing.
As a result of an improved technological process of raising cropper, selection of highly productive and more qualitative variety of seminal and very favourable climatic conditions, the average productivity of grain increased from 34.0 quintals in 2014 to 44.9 quintals in 2015, that is the highest productivity in the history of Latvia. In 2008 for the first time the productivity of grain exceeded 30 quintals from a hectare, but only in last four years it is above 30 quintals.
The growth of the productivity of grain was observed in all regions of Latvia. In Zemgale, where sowings of cropper formed 30 % of all sowings of cropper in the country, the average productivity of grain reached 52.9 quintals from a hectare and 35.3 % of the total harvested grain in Latvia were obtained. In Kurzeme the average productivity of grain reached 44.7 quintals, in Vidzeme – 39.5 quintals, in Latgale – 37.0 quintals.
The purchase of grain grown in Latvia significantly increased – in 2015 it was 2564.8 thousand tons (by 617.5 thousand tons or 31.7 % more than in 2014), that is the greatest purchase of grain in the history of Latvia. In turn, the average purchase price of grain in 2015 was the lowest in the last five years (EUR 143.43 per ton).
Wheat accounted for 80.5 % of the total amount of purchased grain (in 2014 – 77.6 %). Its purchase increased by 552.3 thousand tons or 36.6 %, of which food wheat – by 314.9 thousand tons or 32.1 %. The purchase of rye also increased – by 59.0 thousand tons or 58.7 %, of which food rye – by 37.8 thousand tons or 45.7 %.
As compared to 2014, exports of grain also significantly increased. In 2015, 1792 thousand tons of wheat and meslin were exported that is by 416 thousand tons or 30.2 % more than in 2014. Exports of rye grew by 45 thousand tons or 68.8 % as compared to the previous year. Like in 2014, also in 2015 export volume includes grain from the yield of the previous year.