bnn.lv Latviski   bnn-news.com English   bnn-news.ru По-русски
Wednesday 20.09.2017 | Name days: Marianna, Ginters, Guntra
LatviaLatvia

Latvia’s number of HIV-infected children is critically high; Cuba – story of success

FaceBook
Twitter
Draugiem
print
(No Ratings Yet)

Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUCuba has recently become the first country in the world where, according to information from the World Health Organization, the possibility of HIV transmission from mother to child has been excluded completely.

Contrary to Cuba’s story of success, it has to be concluded that Latvia has a long way to go before it is possible to reach the same level. HIV infection via heterosexual means has been on a rise in Latvia since 2008. In 2014 there were 14 HIV-infected pregnant women in Latvia; seven in the first half of 2014, according to information from Disease Prevention and Control Center. Three children died as a result of vertical HIV transmission (from mother to son) over the course of 2008 – 2015. One of them died from AIDS complications.

Cuba’s story of success is based on a complex approach to solving this problem: early pre-birth care, HIV tests for pregnant women and their partners, timely start of HIV treatment for women and their children, caesarean operation during birth and replacement of breastfeeding with artificial nutrients to exclude the risk of infection. Anti-virus therapy is especially important – without proper treatment, the possibility of a mother passing on HIV to her child is 15-45%. This risk reduces to slightly above 1% if the mother and children receive timely anti-virus treatment.

There are multiple reasons why Latvia remains and anti-leader in regards to the number of HIV-infected children: pregnant women are not provided with state funded HIV tests. The proportion of HIV-infected women that receive insufficient HIV treatment or live without it is unacceptably high. On top of that, HIV treatment outside of Riga is less accessible.

ECDC experts have also mentioned the unacceptably high number of HIV-infected children in Latvia.

The situation is made worse by the fact that only half of HIV-infected pregnant women in Latvia start anti-virus treatment early on (from 14 pregnancy week) which is the main prevention measure when it comes to vertical transmission.

The number of children born with HIV worldwide has declined nearly by half since 2009 – from 400,000 in 2009 to 240,000 in 2013. A lot of work has to be done to achieve the global goal: fewer than 40,000 HIV-infected children by 2015.

In order for Latvia to succeed in limiting the number of children who end up infected with HIV as a result of vertical transmission there have to better planned and better coordinated HIV treatment secured for pregnant women. This includes HIV tests, pre and post-birth care and early anti-virus therapy. The situation may improve somewhat next year, because the budget plan for 2016 includes the allocation of funds for better treatment of HIV patients, specialists say.

Ref: 102.109.109.9022


Leave a reply

Judins says parliamentary committee «is going nowhere»

The work performed by Saeima’s investigative committee in charge of oligarch case does not fit the established goal to investigate and analyse possible state capture, says member of the committee and Unity’s Saeima faction Andrejs Judins.

Study: residents criticize development of Latvia general situation the most

With the coming of autumn, residents’ optimism has declined significantly, according to results of Baltic International Bank’s Latvian Barometer.

Number of occupied jobs in Latvia up 9.3 thousand

At the end of the first half of 2017, in Latvia there were 903.2 thousand occupied posts, and, compared to the end of the first half of 2016, the number has grown by 9.3 thousand or 1.0 %.

Latkovskis says sometimes questionable votes are lobbied in Saeima in secret

There have been cases sin which questionable votes were being lobbied in the parliament in secret. Compared with last year, this tendency is demonstrating growth, said Saeima deputy Ilmārs Latkovskis in an interview to Latvijas Avīze.

E-governance advocate Ilves comments on alleged Estonian ID card vulnerability

The ex-President of Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves, who has been an active advocate of e-governance has emphasised that a possible security risk with Estonian ID cards has not put that the country's reputation as an e-state at risk.

Delna invites Saeima to support initiative to liquidate option to abstain from votes

Society for openness Delna invites Saeima deputies to support public initiative and liquidate the option for deputies to abstain from votes.

82% of Estonian households use mobile internet at home

As to the choice of internet connection in Estonia, 82% of Estonian households use mobile internet at home, Estonian statisticians have estimated.

Baltic Express attracts railway cargoes; decline noted for other carriers

Railway cargo carrier Baltic Express more than doubled its cargo volumes in the first seven months of 2017. Meanwhile, other two cargo carriers – LDz Cargo and Baltic Transit Service – have suffered cargo declines. Baltic Association – Transport and Logistics notes that it is ringing the alarm over the situation in the industry, not over the interests of its members.

Survey: more than half of Latvian residents are half-serious about their health

44% of Latvian residents use all medicine prescribed by their doctor when they get sick, according to data from Mana Aptieka&Apotheka health index.

In pictures: Zapad drill in full swing

BNN offers you an insight into the quadrennial join military training of Belarus and Russia, which have been inspected in person by Russian President Vladimir Putin and Russian Defence Minister Sergey Shoygu.

Rinkēvičs invites India to open an embassy in Latvia

During the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly in New York on Monday, 18 September, Latvian Foreign Affairs Minister Edgars Rinkēvičs met with his Indian counterpart Sushma Swaraj. The two discussed political and economic cooperation between the two countries.

Norwegian top policeman sentenced to 21 years in prison for aiding hashish contraband

A court in Norway, a country often recognised as one of the least corrupt globally, has convicted a senior Norwegian police officer to 21 years in prison after finding him guilty of taking bribes and helping drugs contraband.

Road Transport Administration: transport planning in Riga does not reflect region’s scale

Road Transport Administration plans to speak with Riga and Pierīga administrations about the fractured public transport system in the region, says the administration’s chairman Kristiāns Godiņš.

Mass Ryanair cancellations expected

Irish airline Ryanair has warned that due to an internal planning problem up to 400 000 flights could be cancelled in the European Union.

Legislative draft proposed to simplify referendum procedure

The Central Election Commission has registered Open Management Partnership in Latvia signature collection association’s legislative draft submitted for the fourth time. This legislative draft proposes cancelling amendments of 8 November 2012 to the Law on National Referendum, Legislative Initiative and European Citizens’ Initiative, as reported by the commission.

Greece to lift wine tax due to low revenue

The government of Greece plans to submit draft amendments to lift the country’s year-old excise tax on wine, Greek Minister for Agricultural Development and Food has stated.

Reirs: pension budget will increase by EUR 160 million next year

Next year, pension budget will increase by more than EUR 160 million, says Latvian Welfare Minister Jānis Reirs. He explains that the total pension budget will be EUR 1.93 billion, which means funding for next year’s pensions will be 9.19% higher.

Oligarch case’s parliamentary committee settles disputes with shouting

During a meeting of Saeima’s committee entrusted with investigating Oligarch case, a loud argument broke out between Unity faction member Andrejs Judins and publicist Imants Liepiņš.

IDB: it is too soon to expect corruption to go down in traffic monitoring field

Society’s condemnation of bribery is positive, but it is currently too soon to expect the problem of bribery in road traffic monitoring field to go down, admits Internal Security Bureau chief Valters Mūrnieks.

Apinis: Latvia’s Healthcare Ministry is intellectually weak

Pēteris Apinis, head of Latvian Association of Doctors, criticizing the reform plan, saying: «Just like the Napoleon cake has no Napoleon, the reform plan has no reforms.» He believes Healthcare Ministry’s intellectual potential declined in the past three to four years and that the institution in its current state is intellectually weak.

airBaltic performed 14,324 flights in summer

In August 2017, Latvian airline airBaltic carried 386,597 passengers or 21% more than it did in the same period in 2016, as BNN was informed by the airline.

Sudraba: deputy quotas matter will be resolved in officials’ offices this year

The matter of the so-called deputy quotas will be resolved in officials’ offices this time, deputy Inguna Sudraba of To Latvia from the Heart told Latvijas Radio.

Estonia should invest in long-term productivity, environmental protection – evaluates OECD

As Estonia’s economic recovery gathers pace, it is time to work for sustainable development by protecting the environment and looking for ways to increase productivity, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has recommended.

Option to abstain from vote proposed to be liquidated to reduce possibility of hiding opinions

On Monday 18 September, a citizens’ initiative will be submitted to the Saeima to liquidate the option to abstain from votes in the parliament.

KNAB commences criminal process in state institution’s service

Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau has commenced a criminal process for, possibly, illegal activities in a state institution service.