bnn.lv Latviski   bnn-news.com English   bnn-news.ru По-русски
Tuesday 23.01.2018 | Name days: Strauta, Grieta
LithuaniaLithuania

Lithuanian parties ink target on half-less emigration and larger population

FaceBook
Twitter
Draugiem
print
(No Ratings Yet)

Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RULinas Jegelevičius for the BNN

Lithuanian parties have set an enormous and, many insist, hardly feasible task: get the dispersed expats coming back and furthermore: get the nation procreating so that the number of Lithuanians hit a cushy 3.5 million by 2025.

With the census putting Lithuanian citizens now below the mark of three millions, the endeavour seems so of touch with the harsh reality for many – the child birth rate is hovering just over 1 new-born for each family now and emigration, though slower lately, still is tangible by the most families.

Ambitious demographic goals

By the national parliamentary party accord the leaders of the Lithuanian Social Democrat Party, Labour Party and Justice and Order Party vow to decrease emigration from 18 to 9 percent until 2020 and draw up a long-term national program aiming to offset the emigration, re-emigration and migrations flows. And moreover: if the policies along with the others, yet to be put together, demographic measures pan out, the parties resolve to get the number of the Lithuanian population back to 3.5 million. That is how many Lithuanians is thought to have lived in the country right after the restoration of Independence 25 years ago.

The afore-mentioned agreement has been inked not only by the leaders of larger parliamentary parties, but also by the heads of smaller ones, too. These included the Electoral Action of Poles, Lithuania’s Peasants and Green Union and Lithuanian Green Party.

A huge social issue

Meanwhile, the chairman of the opposition Homeland Union- Lithuanian Christian Democrats (HU-LCD) and his counterpart of the Lithuanian Liberal Movement (LLM) have thumbed down the consent, both affirming it is rather declarative and populists-oriented, lacking any detailed measures that could bring to the target. So far neither Gabrielius Landsbergis, of HU-LCD, nor Eligijus Masiulis, of the LLM, hinted they would sign the agreement.

The document points out that emigration is the «national problem» of the nation, which stipulates the necessity to create conditions that would encourage the emigrants come back, work and live their own country.

«Migration is a social problem of colossal-size globalization, which tackling requires a consistent and far-sighted policy of international cooperation…The current emigration scale may cause irreversible and pernicious aftermaths for the nation, with Lithuanians, because of the emigration, losing their identity and the relation between the expats and Motherland languishing,» says the agreement.

By having pledged to collaborate on the issue on the parliamentary level, the parties commit to consider migration politics of the state’s priorities from now on.

«I am choosing Lithuania»

After the solemn ceremony of the signing on June 30 Algirdas Butkevičius, the incumbent country’s prime minister and the leader of Lithuania’s Social Democrats, pointed out that the next step in the direction will be working out a plan of measures, which will set out in detail what measures are required to meet the target as the implementation is slated for the next- note, the parliamentary election- year.

«As I call it already, the programme «I am choosing Lithuania», which implementation has already been started by the Government, will need support and dissemination not only from the members of the Seimas (Lithuanian Parliament), the Government, which is being already done, but the agitation will be required from anyone to have our fellow citizens coming back home, work and live here. I believe that the foreseen measures for the people, who are young and perhaps are set to leave (for abroad), will allow them better make their mind in favour of Lithuania, i.e. they have to stay and work here,» Butkevičius was quoted as saying by Lithuanian media.

Twenty five years of talking

Rolandas Paksas, a MEP and chairman of Order and Justice Party, maintains that Lithuania needs to remove all the roadblocks that prevent from pursuing the goal (have Lithuanians mulling emigration stay in the country).

«It has been enough said (about the subject) over the last 25 years, it is enough to keep addressing the expats all over the world during various state holidays and ask them to come back, help (Lithuania) and invest here while we do not move a finger ( in meeting them). There is an institution about to appear that will start managing the processes. I believe there will be programmes, time schedules, other institutions, which will be responsible (in pursuing the objectives) and that there will be money. The goal of 3.5 million is big, but I think that we can handle it, just because we have had the number (of Lithuanians) in the past, so I really want to congratulate one with the start of the works,» Paksas told.

Floating stream-ward is catastrophic

Meanwhile, Valdemaras Tomaševskis, the leader of the Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles, emphasized the importance of unanimity in the striving on an issue like emigration.

«I’d like to brag that least emigration is in the Vilnius region,» he noted.

Loreta Graužinienė, the former chairwoman of Labour Party and the Speaker of the Lithuanian Parliament, said she hopes that the bulk of the programmes will be aiming at young families, specifically establishing favorable parenting conditions for them.

«As several ministries are tasked with working out a single programme on stopping emigration as well as betterment of the demographical situation- the work for which resources will be earmarked- I remain optimistic that the situation will be improving gradually. We just cannot allow ourselves do nothing and float with the flow, especially that scientists assert that the demographic pit is nearing,» she said before adding, «We are late (in some sense) in that regard, and this is not subject to correction already, but we do have to think about the prospect. We have to look 20-30 years ahead (when it comes to the issue of emigration).

Lithuania got own bonuses

Though the speaker believes «every expat» cannot be convinced to make the comeback, she still insists what matters now most for the most expats is that the policies by the Government do spur further emigration.

«Lithuania cannot today afford paying the salaries that Norway can (afford), but Lithuanian has got some other advantages. If majority of the emigrants worked so hard and so much in Lithuania as elsewhere, I believe they would earn quite a lot more. But, for some reason, many do not want to work so hard on Lithuania. We tend to see only the salary. But where are the other things? For some reason, (many of the emigrants) come back to Lithuania to have health treatments. If they had to pay from their salaries for the full medical aids there, I think they would be able to save a whole lot less,» the speaker reasoned.

She insists that the indirect parenting encouragement conditions that the Government is to roll out yet this year will spur young families out there to bear and raise 2-3 children.

According to Lithuanian Statistics, there were 2,904 391 inhabitants in Lithuania this past June.

«Extremely slim chance of success»

Linas Balsys, the chairman of Lithuania’s Green Party told BNN that the emigration-down-from-18-to-9-percent-until-2020 and 3,5 million-people-by-2025 target, though seemingly enormous, can be met with the proper state mechanism rolled out.

«First, we need to embrace all our expatriates out there and entitle them with dual citizenship. I want to see it being enacted not through a referendum held together with the parliamentary election next year, but through the parliamentary legislation,» Balsys told.

When it comes to business, the comebackers would be provided business incentives, in terms of taxation and start-up company establishment.

«I disagree that women do not want to bear and raise children as they are more focused on their career first. It’s appalling to see all the inconsistencies when it comes to the state’s support for children. Foster families get around 150 euro monthly allowance for a child taken in their care, while the family receives around 15 euro for their own child,» the MP noticed. «There are good examples in Europe, like that in France, where women successfully match family and career.»

However, Donatas Burneika, professor and head of the Lithuanian Institute of Societal Geography and Demography, chuckled upon hearing the question on the feasibility of the accord.

«Frankly, the likelihood to see the targets achieved is extremely slim. Look, over the last 10 years around 600,000 people have decamped and now, all of a sudden, the politicians started believing the army will be gushing back to the homeland? I just don’t see it happening, but the intention is certainly praiseworthy,» Burneika told BNN.

Ref: 020/111.111.111.2593


Leave a reply

Minister: foreigners find Latvia’s business environment more and more attractive

«Measures were performed last year to improve the business environment and make it more attractive for local and foreign investors, as well as significantly ease everyday work for them,» said Latvian Economy Minister Arvils Ašeradens.

Number of students in Latvia declined 35% in the past decade

The number of students accounted for 81.6 thousand in the academic year 2017/2018, indicating a decline of 1.6 % over the year. During the past decade, due to the population decline, the number of students has reduced by 43.8 thousand or 35 %.

National Alliance member: small countries cannot afford legal and corruption scandals

«Every resident living in a democratic country finds it difficult to follow political processes and what political interests each party has. More often than not the loudest and more expressive politicians do not have any wisdom to share or a state development plan to offer and fit Latvia’s interests. If the time comes when we conclude that we do not like a newly-elected Saeima...

Italy's leading party drops euro referendum plan

The anti-establishment 5-Star Movement, leading opinion polls ahead of a March 4 election, has presented a 20-point program which makes no mention of a referendum on Italy’s membership of the euro zone.

Latvia shares experience in civil rights reforms with Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is one of Latvia’s priority countries for development of cooperation. Considering Uzbekistan’s launched reforms for state administration, Latvia is ready to continue offering support and sharing experience, says Foreign Ministry’s special assignment ambassador Igors Apokins.

Estonian state rail cargo company worked with million-euro losses in 2017

Estonian state-owned rail cargo carrier EVR Cargo concluded the year 2017 with net losses of 1.2 million euros, but managed to earn a million euros in from October to December 2017.

Alcohol industry to adopt social responsibility symbols on labels

More than 60% of all labels of wine and other strong alcoholic beverages purchasable in Latvia will be added with a special social responsibility symbols, reminding residents of responsible consumption of alcohol, BNN was informed by Latvian Alcohol Industry Association (LAIA).

ManaBalss.lv initiative «On saving Agenskalns market» submitted to Riga City Council

An initiative started by Anda Baidekalna «On saving Agenskalns market» has been submitted to Riga City Council for review. More than 2,000 people signed in favour of this initiative on ManaBalss.lv portal. Now Riga City Council will have to decide on approval of this initiative and develop a plan for development of Agenskalns market to preserve its functionality.

Estonian construction price rise influenced most by higher labour costs

Estonian construction price index grew by 1.5% in 2017 aligned with the average of 2016, Estonian statisticians calculated.

Latvian Economy Ministry proposes self-regulatory measures for postal sector

The problem with postal items lacking addresses can be resolved using self-regulatory measures in the postal industry, as mentioned in Economy Ministry’s prepared report on new measures and proposal for mechanisms to help make the work performed by the postal sector more efficient.

Venice tourists stunned over 1 100-euro restaurant bill

The leadership of the picturesque Italian town of Venice has pledged to ensure justice after four Japanese tourists complained of having been handed a 1,100-euro bill for steaks, water, service and a plate of fried fish.

Ratification of Istanbul Convention falls through in Latvia

Unity is the only one of the coalition parties in Latvia that has expressed support for the ratification of Istanbul Convention so far, politicians say.

Spain sees Puigdemont's trip to Denmark as provoking his own arrest

A judge of the Spanish Supreme Court has blamed Catalonia's former President Carles Puigdemont of seeking to provoke his own arrest by visiting Denmark from his country of exile, Belgium, as the politician faces charges carrying a possible prison sentence of up to 30 years.

Latvenergo: Latvia is the largest energy exporter in Baltic States

Latvia continues exporting electrical energy produced in the country – as of Monday, 22 January, it was 832 MW. Especially intensive energy production is recorded for Daugava’s hydro-electric power plants and Riga’s CHP plants. The largest import volume is registered for Lithuania, to which the amount of exported energy equals the amount consumed in Latvia, Latvenergo explains.

LALRG secretary general: we have to reduce gap in quality of life for EU citizens

Ever since Latvia joined the European Union, its population has declined 14%. The most significant decline was caused by the departure of residents of working age to other EU member states. Because of that, the population in eastern regions of Latvia has declined 23%.

Czechs up for close race in this week's presidential run-off

As the Czech Republic nears the second round of its presidential election this weekend, sociologists estimate that the pro-Western academic Jiří Drahoš enjoys a somewhat larger support than the incumbent Miloš Zeman, who easily won the first round.

Producer price level in Latvia’s industry up 3.1%

Compared to December 2016, the level of producer prices in Latvian industry rose by 3.1 % in December 2017. Prices of products sold on the domestic market rose by 3.0 %, while prices of exported products went up by 3.3 %. Prices of products exported to euro area countries grew by 3.8 %, whereas prices of products exported to non-euro area countries rose by 2.9 %.

MEP: an even greater UGF dominance would slow down Latvia’s development

If the Union of Greens and Farmers (UGF) gains an even greater presence in the upcoming Saeima elections, Latvia’s continued development would suffer, said member of the European Parliament Artis Pabriks in an interview to 900 seconds programme of LNT.

Tax reform challenge in January: labour tax recalculation

2018 commenced for Latvia with a historical tax reform and conceptual changes, significantly affecting everyday work performed by businessmen, employers and accountants. One of the changes financial specialists have to remember when calculating wages for January is the one for personal income tax, which also includes changes for state social insurance fees and solidarity tax, BNN was told by accounting experts.

Total tax debts in Latvia reach 1.217 billion euros at beginning of 2018

At the beginning of the year, total tax debts in Latvia, including existing debts, halted debts and debts with extended repayment debts, reached EUR 1.217 billion, which is 3% less when compared with the previous month, as reported by the State Revenue Service.

Estonia emphasises animal welfare as demand for animal food products grows

Although the demand for food products from animals is increasing, attention should be paid both animal welfare and sustainability in agriculture, Estonia's Minister for Rural Affairs Tarmo Tamm has stated.

Latvia hopes to recover its status as a country free of swine fever

There is hope that Latvia may yet recover its status of a country free of swine fever, says Food and Veterinary Service’s (FVS) Animal Infections Monitoring Department lead expert Mārtiņš Seržants.

Estonia prepares to inform population of actions in case of emergency or war

Estonia is preparing a brochure on how its population should act in case of major crisis or war.

De Facto: international lawsuit against Latvia is associated with infamous Winergy case

Norvik Bank’s lawsuit against Latvian state in the international court of arbitration in Washington is associated with Winergy wind park business, as reported by De Facto programme of LTV. The bank has yet to announce the amount of money it wishes to enforce from the state

German Social Democrats vote to U-turn on coalition talks with Merkel's conservatives

In Germany, where four months after its federal parliamentary elections there is still no government, the Social Democrats have voted to enter coalition talks with the conservatives led by German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

Would you be ready to boycott something in your life?

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...

Polls Archive



Category feed: Feed: