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Monday 21.08.2017 | Name days: Linda, Janīna

Livestock numbers increase at Latvian farms

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The number of cattle is growing – at the end of 2012 agricultural holdings were breeding 393.1 thousand cattle or 12.5 thousand heads more, as compared to the end of 2011.

The rise in the cattle number was recorded in all cattle age groups: number of calves under 1 year has increased by 4.6 thousand or by 4.4%, the number of heifers aged 1-2 years – by 2.9 thousand or by 5.2%, number of suckling cows – by 3.6 thousand or by 16.5%, and the number of dairy cows – by 0.5 thousand or by 0.3%. Growth in total cattle number may be explained with the fact that the holdings are getting ready for the abolition of milk quota planned in 2015 as well as with the fact that number of meat cattle herds has increased.

Number of sheep has risen by 4.0 thousand or by 5.0%, according to the data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia.

Due to the loss of the pig-breeding sector competitiveness as prices of the means of production increased as well as due to the Russia decision on stopping imports of live pigs for slaughtering from the EU Member states starting from 20 March 2012, the number of pigs during the year has diminished by 19.8 thousand or by 5.3%. In 2012, 78.6 thousand tons of meat were produced – 1.1% less as compared to 2011. This reduction was influenced by the drop in the beef and pork production – by 3.9% and 4.9%, respectively. Share of pork in the total meat amount accounted for 45.5%, while share of beef comprised 22.0%.

Production of poultry and sheep meat grew by 7.3% and 1.2%, respectively. Share of poultry meat in the total meat amount constituted 31.3%.

As purchase prices of beef and pork increased by 15.0% and 7.6%, respectively, the average purchase price of meat (at slaughter weight) rose from 1 163 LVL per ton in 2011 to 1 290 LVL per ton in 2012 or by 11.0%.

Number of dairy cows and goats almost did not change, while average milk yield per dairy cow grew by 186 kg or by 3.7%, thus the amount of milk produced (including goat milk) in 2012 increased by 28.6 thousand tons or by 3.4%, as compared to 2011.

In 2012, the amount of milk sold to the milk procurement and processing enterprises grew – 718.4 thousand tons of milk were purchased and it is 8.5% more than a year before. Share of sold milk in the total amount of produced milk has increased from 78.6% in 2011 to 82.5% in 2012.

The average purchase price of milk reduced from 207 LVL per ton in 2011 to 191 LVL per ton in 2012 or by 7.9%, reaching the lowest purchase price in August – 174 LVL per ton.

671.4 million eggs were produced in 2012, 0.9% more than a year before. One laying hen on average produced 277 eggs or 4.9% more than in 2011. The average sale price for eggs increased from 3.99 LVL per 100 eggs in 2011 to 5.76 LVL in 2012 or by 44.4%.


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