Meat production volume had increased by 1.3 %. The most notable rise was observed in the production of beef, according to the latest data of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia.
In 2015, 85.4 thousand tons of meat was produced in Latvia, which marks an increase of 1.3 % over 2014. The slight increase was due to the rise in production of beef and poultry – of 6.3 % and 3.4 %, respectively. Production of mutton increased by 19.3 %, while production of pork reduced by 3.0 %.
Average purchase price of meat dropped by 6.1 % – from EUR 1 550 per ton in 2014 to EUR 1 456 in 2015. Compared to 2014, in 2015 average purchase price of beef went up by 1.2 % and reached EUR 1 643, whereas purchase prices of other meat diminished. The most notable reduction was recorded in purchase prices of pork – of 11.6 % (EUR 1 312 per ton), less significant drop was observed in purchase prices of mutton – of 1.1 % (EUR 3 319 per ton).
In 2015, 698.2 million eggs were produced – an increase of 7.7 % over the year before. Rise in the production of eggs was influenced by the increase in the average number of laying hens by 0.2 million or 6.7 %, nevertheless one laying hen on average produced the same number of eggs as a year ago – 272. In 2015, average sale price of eggs comprised EUR 6.92 per 100 eggs.
Last year, production of milk did not change notably, while purchase prices thereof diminished by 25.7 %
In 2015, production of milk (incl. goat milk) comprised 978.1 thousand tons – an increase of 0.7 % over 2014. Average milk yield per dairy cow grew by 1.6 % and reached 5 905 kilograms.
Last year, 807.7 thousand tons of milk was purchased. Compared to 2014, milk purchase has risen by 0.4 %, while the share of milk purchased in the total volume of milk produced did not change and comprised 82.8 %. Average purchase price for milk decreased from EUR 291 per ton in 2014 to EUR 291 in 2015 (drop of 25.7 %).
Last year, number of cattle and pigs in agricultural holdings diminished, while number of sheep rose by 10.5 %
At the end of 2015, agricultural holdings were breeding 419.1 thousand cattle – a drop of 2.9 thousand over the year before. Number of dairy cows fell by 3.5 thousand or 2.1 %. Number of suckling cows rose by 4.6 thousand or 13.6 %, and the share thereof in the total number of cows reached 19.3 % (in 2014 – 17.1 %).
Partially because of the further spread of African swine fever, over the year the number of pigs decreased by 15.3 thousand or 4.4 %. In 2015, number of sheep and goats continued to grow – by 9.7 thousand or 10.5 % and 0.4 thousand or 3.2 %, respectively, while number of horses reduced by 0.5 thousand or 4.7 %.
During the latest years, number of exported live cattle has increased notably, and in 2015 it rose by 4.6 thousand or 14.0 %, as compared to 2014, and by 7.8 thousand or 26.0 %, as compared to 2013. Also exports of live pigs grew last year – by 18.6 thousand or 12.2 %, as compared to 2014. Out of the total number of pigs exported, 27.3 % were piglets for fattening. Whereas number of pigs imported fell by 11.9 thousand or 41.5 %.