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Friday 21.07.2017 | Name days: Meldra, Meldris, Melisa

Nobel Prize in Medicine awarded for discoveries in mechanisms for autophagy

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Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUNobel Prize in Medicine will be awarded to Japanese scientist Yoshinori Ohsumi for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy, as mentioned in the announcement of the Nobel Prize Committee.

Autophagy is the biological process in which old cells are recycled into building blocks for new cells. Problems with this process can cause Parkinson’s disease and diabetes, as noted by the committee.

«Disrupted autophagy has been linked to Parkinson’s disease, type 2 diabetes and other disorders that appear in the elderly. Mutations in autophagy genes can cause genetic disease» the committee added.

«Ohsumi’s discoveries led to a new paradigm in our understanding of how the cell recycles its content. His discoveries opened the path to understanding the fundamental importance of autophagy in many physiological processes, such as in the adaptation to starvation or response to infection» the announcement mentioned.

Yoshinori Ohsumi was born 1945 in Fukuoka, Japan. He received a Ph.D. from University of Tokyo in 1974.

Along with the prize, Ohsumi will be given prize money of EUR 832,000.

Last year, the Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to Ireland-born scientist William C. Campbell, Japanese biochemist Satoshi Omura and Chinese pharmaceutical chemist Youyou Tu.

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