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Tuesday 19.06.2018 | Name days: Nils, Viktors

PHOTO: Haiti quake - three years on

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The catastrophic Haiti earthquake struck at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010, killing 316 000 people, according to government reports.

The 7.0 Mw quake’s epicenter was near the town of Léogâne, about 25 km (16 miles) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital. By 24 January, at least 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or greater shook Haiti.

The government estimates that 300,000 were injured and 1,000,000 made homeless. 250 000 residences and 30 000 commercial buildings collapsed or were severely damaged, including such historically important buildings as Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building and the Port-au-Prince Cathedral.

Many countries rushed to lend a helping hand, sending humanitarian aid, pledging funds and dispatching rescue and medical teams, engineers and support personnel.

Damaged communication systems, air, land, and sea transport facilities, hospitals, and electrical networks hampered rescue and aid efforts.

It should be added that two years after the quake the government reports on the huge death toll were widely challenged.

Significantly fewer people died or were left homeless by last year’s earthquake in Haiti than claimed by the country’s leaders, a draft report commissioned by the US government has said. The unpublished report put the death toll between 46,000 and 85,000, BBC reported.

It was assumed that Haiti officials mislead about the number of the death so that countries do not stop providing humanitarian aid.

Three years after the quake many people still live in self-made housing and tents. Many places are still not completely cleaned up and ruble is seen on many streets.

Importantly, Haiti recovery effort was hampered by hurricane Sandy, which battered the country in early November 2012 before heading to the US. Sandy destroyed crops and left thousands of people homeless. There were also fears about the spread of cholera in flooded areas.

BNN offers to take a look at Haiti three years on.

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