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Saturday 21.10.2017 | Name days: Severīns, Urzula
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Projection: crop yields will be good in 2012

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In July, Specialists of the Plant branch of the Latvian Rural Advisory and Training Centre (RLATC) performed a detailed projection for crop yields for this year, and most crops in for a good harvest.

Zemgale harvest is expected to give an average of five to six tons of wheat per ha, other regions have somewhat smaller expectations; rye yield is estimated around four tons per ha.

Chief of the Plant branch of RLATC Oskars Balodis adds: «It should be said that yields will be good for most of crops in 2012. Since autumn 2011 was warmer and somewhat longer than in previous years, it allowed winter crops to prepare for winter accordingly – cereals composing and storing nutrients, colza developing a sufficient root and plant mass, as well as enough nutrients for the winter.»

He adds that after a good winter, winter crops could restore their vegetation much more strongly. Farmers could commence additional soil fertilizing much quicker, giving an opportunity for cereals, especially late wheat varieties, still hoping, thus a relatively large number of productive stems formed, which produced heads of grains.

«To be fair, the stem length is somewhat shorter than it was in some other years, but their numbers is larger, this is why the yield potential of a single plant is relatively high. Currently, particularly Zemgale and other regions, observed the earlier varieties of winter wheat and rye lodging, which can somewhat reduce the rural yield, its quality and slow harvest on the fields of the regions. Rainfall and relatively low temperatures were not favorable to crop quality formation, especially to the protein content. But the forecast of warm and sunny weather will benefit the protein formation process,»- Balodis says.

According to him, winter colza on fields that were not previously sprayed is suffering from white rot and dry spots. White rot damage on fields that were previously sprayed is noted, but is insignificant. Strong rainfall with hail and strong wind could be disastrous to winter colza, which is not a rare sight in July and can potentially knock out the seeds. Yields are expected to give an average over three to four tons per ha in Zemgale, and around three tons in other regions.

Summer harvest is expected to be good, according to current estimates, because spring was evenly moist and warm.

«Summer colza is looking good on fields that are protected from pollen beetles (Meligethes aeneus) that damage flower buds. Yield reduction on fields that are strongly affected will be notable,»- Balodis says.

In conclusion he says that potatoes are growing well, but they should be protected from potato blight (Phytophthora infestans), then the yields will be relatively high.

Ref: 103.109.109.2550


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