56% of Russians support the burial of the Russian political leader Vladimir Lenin, 28% are against this, data from the Vladimir Lenin fund survey results, received before the 142 birthday of the political leader on Sunday, April 22.
Some politologists believe that this process is logical, given that Russia is going through a socially cultural revolution, while others believe that the mentioned survey results have been prepared under the aegis of the current power. Despite all that, discussions about Lenin’s burial reach new heights every year on the day of his birth, BBC writes.
Burial supporters claim, Lenin’s remains, stored in the mausoleum, is a violation of the Russian legislation and Orthodox Church canons. While the opponents claim, his remains are in good condition and can be preserved indefinitely. Whereas the Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said the following on this matter: «There is a time for everything. The time will come and the people of Russia will decide what to do.»
Most of modern historians believe Joseph Stalin was the one, who ordered Lenin’s embalming, thereby preparing to restore a historic paradigm by giving the people Lenin as the God, and Tsar – as himself.
All three mausoleums – two temporary ones made of wood, and the current one, built in 1929-1930, were the projects of Alexei Shusev. The sarcophagus was constructed by Constantin Melnikov, and the embalming process was carried out by Ilya Zbarsky, who tended to Lenin’s remains up until his death in 1954. A special laboratory, which still exists, was created specifically for this purpose. On July 3, 1941 the sarcophagus was secretly transported to Tyumen, but was returned to its original place in April 1945.
Later, a special tribune was built on top of the mausoleum for Party leaders and military forces greeted military parades and demonstrations every year on May 1 and November 7. Also, a special room, where state officials went to have a drink and eat was built in. The tribune was used for the last time on May 9, 1996 – currently though there is a special temporary tribune for important events.
There were rumors in 1930s that Stalin went to the mausoleum the night before making an important decision to “discuss it with Lenin”. On January 27, 1927 a twenty-four hour honor guard was organized, which is switched every hour.
There were attempts to blow up the mausoleum in 1967 and 1973, which caused the deaths of many people, including the bombers. Also, six Soviet citizens in different times attempted to express their negative attitude towards the Russian leader and his cult, but it was never openly reported. In 1971 the sarcophagus was fitted with bulletproof glass. Since the end 1980 there have been numerous discussions about finally burying Lenin.