bnn.lv Latviski   bnn-news.com English   bnn-news.ru По-русски
Saturday 21.10.2017 | Name days: Severīns, Urzula

Seven tragic fates of WWII warships

FaceBook
Twitter
Draugiem
print
(No Ratings Yet)

Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUSeas and oceans of the world hold many secrets about warships and submarines that sunk during World War II. Although more than 70 years have passed since the end of the war, researchers around the world continue their work to unravel the mysteries of that time.

National Geographic offers seven most mysterious stories of warships that sunk in WWII.

USS Arizona battleship

The fate of USS Arizona is one of the most interesting stories left from WWII. The 185m-long ship met its fate during the attack of the Japanese military on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. US President Franklin Roosevelt had sent the ship to Hawaii specifically to deter the Japanese from attacking Pearl Harbor. During the attack, one of the bombs hit the ship’s powder magazine, causing a violent explosion. 1,117 crew members were killed. Because USS Arizona was no longer salvageable, some of its armaments were transferred to USS Nevada, which then took part in battles against the Japanese military. Some of the cannons salvaged from USS Arizona were also used for the defence of Hawaii. A memorial was set up on the ship’s wreck to commemorate the victims of the attack.

Bismarck battleship

The Bismarck was one of two Bismarck-class battleships manufactured by Nazi Germany during WWII. This giant battleship was operational for only eight months when it engaged and destroyed a British battlecruiser HMS Hood in the Gulf of Denmark in May 1941. After that, the British fleet gave chase to Bismarck. Four British ships fired a total of 2,800 shots at the German giant battleship. 400 of those shots hit their target. In spite of major damage dealt to the ship, the Bismarck remained afloat. To make sure Bismark would not fall into enemy hands, the High Command in Nazi Germany ordered the crew to sink the ship. The exact location of the wreck of the ship was discovered by oceanographer Robert Ballard’s expedition in 1989.

USS Indianapolis cruiser

On 30 July 1945, a mere several days after the first components of the first atom bomb were delivered to USA’s military base at Tinian, USS Indianapolis cruiser was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine. This hip sunk in a matter of minutes. 300 crewmembers lost their lives. More than 900 service personnel were left to their fate, facing exposure, dehydration, saltwater poisoning, and shark attacks while floating with the few lifeboats and little to no food or water in the open sea. Survivors were located four days later by the crew of PV-1 Ventura, who were on a routine patrol flight. 317 survivors of USS Indianapolis were rescued. The sinking of USS Indianapolis is considered the most tragic catastrophe for the US Navy in WWII also because it turned out later that distress signals from the ship were ignored. The cruiser’s wreck remains undiscovered to this day. This is because the possible depth of the area where the cruiser went down reaches 3,600 m.

Battleship Musashi

Musashi was the flagship of the Imperial Japanese Navy and one of the largest and most advanced battleships in the world. This battleship, which was commissioned in 1942, was fitted with two catapults, which allowed up to seven planes to take off. Musashi met its fate on 24 October 1944, when it was seriously damaged in the fight with TBF/TBM Avenger and Helldiver-class aircraft. It is estimated that the ship was damaged by 19 torpedoes and 17 bombs. The search for the wreck of this ship continued for more than eight years when it was finally found in the Sibuyan Sea near the Philippine Islands. The search was financed by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen.

Icebreaker Krisjanis Valdemars

Krisjanis Valdemars was Latvia’s only new steamer in the 20s and 30s of the 20th century. The main function of this vessel was breaking ice to clear the way for other ships. It was also used by the state president and members of the government for foreign visits. For example, President Janis Cakste traveled to Finland on this vessel in 1924. After Latvia’s occupation, Krisjanis Valdemars was nationalized. At the beginning of the war, the ship and other ships of the trade fleet were evacuated to Tallinn. In August 1941, the icebreaker and more than 220 other ships of the Baltic fleet were evacuated to Kronstadt. On 28 August, the ship ran on a mine and sunk. The wreck was found in the Gulf of Finland in 2011.

Patrol ship Prezidentas Smetona

In 1923, Lithuania regained control over Klaipeda Port and began developing its navy. Unfortunately, mine sweeper Prezidentas Smetona was the only ship that was made before the beginning of WWII. It was originally planned to use the patrol ship, which was bought from Germany in 1927, for training and the president’s needs. After the Soviet occupation, the patrol ship was assigned to coast guard duty, mine sweeping. It also engaged the German fleet in combat. Prezidentas Smetona ran against a mine a sunk near Aegna Island on 11 January 1945. The wreck was finally located in the Gulf of Finland in 2007.

Kalev submarine

Kalev was one of two submarines built in the UK for Estonia. The submarine was commissioned in 1936. For the first couple of years after the Soviet occupation the submarine was being used to set up mines at Latvian ports and patrol waters near Uzava and Ovisa. In 1941, the submarine was ordered to deliver a Soviet recon group to a specific location, but the submarine ultimately disappeared. Most likely the submarine ran across a mine near Naisara Island and sunk. The location of the submarine’s wreck remains undiscovered to this day.

Ref: 102.109.109.6096


Leave a reply

Professor: by taking money away from science, the state shoots itself in the foot

The matter regarding insufficient funding for science has recently become more topical in the public space. President of Latvian Academy of Sciences Ojārs Spārītis is rather critical of the situation: Latvia has lied to the European Union and European Commission about making sure that funding for science reaches 1.5% of GDP by 2020.

To prevent fraud, audit of MPC recipients to be performed in Latvia

Latvian Economy Ministry intends to perform an audit of mandatory procurement component recipients and use new regulations to combat fraudulent activities, as confirmed by Economy Minister Arvils Ašeradens.

Rail Baltic procurements to be processed using Electronic Procurements System

Following the changes to Latvian Republic’s Public Procurements Law, all new procurements for Rail Baltica administered by RB RAIL will be processed using a free electronic information system and its e-contest subsystem.

Estonian construction price index pushed up by wages

The construction price index in Estonia has in July-September of 2017 increased by 0.9% in comparison to second quarter this year and by 1.7% from July-September of 2016, Estonian statisticians have estimated.

Surplus of Latvia’s government budget reached 9.5 million euros in 2016

In 2016 general government budget surplus accounted for EUR 9.5 million or 0.04 % of the Gross Domestic Product, whereas general government consolidated gross debt amounted to EUR 10 091.6 million or 40.6 % of the GDP.

Latvia to invest EUR 5.9 million into formation of unified port network

Ports of Riga planning region and Kurzeme planning region have commenced an important tourism project. The goal of this project is creating a unified yacht port network in Latvia and Estonia with quality services that would allow developing sailing tourism and attract foreign sailing enthusiasts in the future, reports the regions’ representative Inese Ozoliņa.

Graft-suspected Tartu deputy mayors resign

In Estonia's second largest city, Tartu, Deputy Mayors Artjom Suvorov and Valvo Semilarski have stepped down from office, Estonian press reported, after the politicians were arrested under suspicion of graft.

Expert: workers of Latvia’s NGO sector have high ‘burnout’ risk

Workers of Latvia’s NGO sector have a high burnout risk, said once the director of Providus Dace Akule in an interview to Latvijas Radio.

Producer: many young people come to work in the film industry

Latvia’s film industry has been steadily growing these past several years, and it is especially gratifying that many young people are coming to work in the industry, says director and producer, representative of Film Angels Productions Jānis Kalējs.

Pollution blamed for every sixth premature death globally

Nine million premature deaths globally in 2015 are said to be related to pollution, a study has found pointing to presence of harmful matter in air, water and workplace as the three main risk factors.

Infectologist: influenza kills biologically the weakest, including children and pregnant women

Influenza is an infection that affects both children and adults. However, it kills those who are biologically weak, says Immunization State Council chairperson and infectologist of Children’s Vaccination Centre Dace Zavadska.

Investor activity made easier between Latvia and Vietnam

An intergovernmental agreement has been signed between the Republic of Latvia and Socialist Republic of Vietnam on prevention of double taxation and tax avoidance in relation to income tax.

Colder masses of air to enter Latvia in coming days; precipitation to be limited

Although high atmospheric pressure will be present above Latvia in the coming days, southern regions in Latvia will experience short-term precipitation on Saturday, 12 October, caused by the cyclone active above Poland. Colder masses of air will enter Latvia in the coming days.

Maltese journalist said to be killed by remotely-controlled explosive

Officials in Malta have unveiled it is assumed that investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia was murdered by an explosive places under her car, which was detonated remotely.

Prime Minister: Latvia cannot accept additional asylum seekers

Latvia cannot afford to resettle additional asylum seekers, said Prime Minister Māris Kučinskis during his meeting with European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker on Thursday, 19 October.

Scandinavians purchase tourism company in Lithuania; changes expected in Latvia too

Dutch Otravo online travel organization has expanded and has purchased Lithuanian online travel agency Interno Partneris, thereby entering the Baltic market.

Ombudsman: non-citizen status matter should be resolved in next decade

The next ten years may be the transition period to ‘put an end’ to the non-citizen status in Latvia, said ombudsman Juris Jansons in an interview to LTV programme Rīta panorama.

Swedish Foreign Minister: harassment exists at highest political level

The Foreign Affairs Minister of Sweden, Margot Wallström, has commended the current sexual assault and harassment awareness campaign in social media and urged to fellow politicians to address the problem.

Latvenergo recognized as Latvia’s most valuable company for tenth time

Latvenergo has been recognized as Latvia’s most valuable company in 2017. Its value grew 34% in comparison with 2016, according to the TOP 101 list of Latvia’s most valuable companies compiled by Prudentia and Nasdaq Riga.

Number of births and number of deaths decline in Latvia

During the first nine months of this year 15,723 babies were born in Latvia, which is 1,113 children fewer than in the corresponding period of the last year.

CC applies binding conditions for the sale of MTG Broadcasting AB

Latvian Competition Council has decided to permit Bite Lietuva to purchase MTG Broadcasting AB group’s businesses in Latvia. CC has applied several binding conditions to prevent a possible impact on competition on the television services and advertisement market.

Eesti Energia warns: Limiting CO2 emissions on capacity could endanger energy supply

Estonian energy giant Eesti Energia has evaluated that a plan under discussion in the European Union to introduce a carbon dioxide release limit for capacity mechanisms to qualify for subsidies could adversely affect the security of supply in Estonia and the Baltic states.

Solidarity tax norm recognized as non-compliant with Latvia’s Constitution

On Thursday, 19 October, the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia declared the Solidarity tax norm as non-compliant with the country’s Constitution.

Survey: Riga residents go to the doctor’s the most often

34% of residents undergo regular health checks, according to Mana Aptieka & Apotheka health index. In addition, women are twice as serious about health checks as men.

LG cozies up with idea of rebuilding railway tracks to Reņģe, Latvia

Lithuania‘s Lietuvos Geležinkeliai has sent a mixed message as to what it intends to do next following an EC fine of nearly 28 million against it over the dismantling a 19-km railway stretch with the Latvian village of Rengė.