bnn.lv Latviski   bnn-news.com English   bnn-news.ru По-русски
Friday 18.08.2017 | Name days: Liene, Helēna, Elena, Ellena, Liena

Seven tragic fates of WWII warships

FaceBook
Twitter
Draugiem
print
(No Ratings Yet)

Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUSeas and oceans of the world hold many secrets about warships and submarines that sunk during World War II. Although more than 70 years have passed since the end of the war, researchers around the world continue their work to unravel the mysteries of that time.

National Geographic offers seven most mysterious stories of warships that sunk in WWII.

USS Arizona battleship

The fate of USS Arizona is one of the most interesting stories left from WWII. The 185m-long ship met its fate during the attack of the Japanese military on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. US President Franklin Roosevelt had sent the ship to Hawaii specifically to deter the Japanese from attacking Pearl Harbor. During the attack, one of the bombs hit the ship’s powder magazine, causing a violent explosion. 1,117 crew members were killed. Because USS Arizona was no longer salvageable, some of its armaments were transferred to USS Nevada, which then took part in battles against the Japanese military. Some of the cannons salvaged from USS Arizona were also used for the defence of Hawaii. A memorial was set up on the ship’s wreck to commemorate the victims of the attack.

Bismarck battleship

The Bismarck was one of two Bismarck-class battleships manufactured by Nazi Germany during WWII. This giant battleship was operational for only eight months when it engaged and destroyed a British battlecruiser HMS Hood in the Gulf of Denmark in May 1941. After that, the British fleet gave chase to Bismarck. Four British ships fired a total of 2,800 shots at the German giant battleship. 400 of those shots hit their target. In spite of major damage dealt to the ship, the Bismarck remained afloat. To make sure Bismark would not fall into enemy hands, the High Command in Nazi Germany ordered the crew to sink the ship. The exact location of the wreck of the ship was discovered by oceanographer Robert Ballard’s expedition in 1989.

USS Indianapolis cruiser

On 30 July 1945, a mere several days after the first components of the first atom bomb were delivered to USA’s military base at Tinian, USS Indianapolis cruiser was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine. This hip sunk in a matter of minutes. 300 crewmembers lost their lives. More than 900 service personnel were left to their fate, facing exposure, dehydration, saltwater poisoning, and shark attacks while floating with the few lifeboats and little to no food or water in the open sea. Survivors were located four days later by the crew of PV-1 Ventura, who were on a routine patrol flight. 317 survivors of USS Indianapolis were rescued. The sinking of USS Indianapolis is considered the most tragic catastrophe for the US Navy in WWII also because it turned out later that distress signals from the ship were ignored. The cruiser’s wreck remains undiscovered to this day. This is because the possible depth of the area where the cruiser went down reaches 3,600 m.

Battleship Musashi

Musashi was the flagship of the Imperial Japanese Navy and one of the largest and most advanced battleships in the world. This battleship, which was commissioned in 1942, was fitted with two catapults, which allowed up to seven planes to take off. Musashi met its fate on 24 October 1944, when it was seriously damaged in the fight with TBF/TBM Avenger and Helldiver-class aircraft. It is estimated that the ship was damaged by 19 torpedoes and 17 bombs. The search for the wreck of this ship continued for more than eight years when it was finally found in the Sibuyan Sea near the Philippine Islands. The search was financed by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen.

Icebreaker Krisjanis Valdemars

Krisjanis Valdemars was Latvia’s only new steamer in the 20s and 30s of the 20th century. The main function of this vessel was breaking ice to clear the way for other ships. It was also used by the state president and members of the government for foreign visits. For example, President Janis Cakste traveled to Finland on this vessel in 1924. After Latvia’s occupation, Krisjanis Valdemars was nationalized. At the beginning of the war, the ship and other ships of the trade fleet were evacuated to Tallinn. In August 1941, the icebreaker and more than 220 other ships of the Baltic fleet were evacuated to Kronstadt. On 28 August, the ship ran on a mine and sunk. The wreck was found in the Gulf of Finland in 2011.

Patrol ship Prezidentas Smetona

In 1923, Lithuania regained control over Klaipeda Port and began developing its navy. Unfortunately, mine sweeper Prezidentas Smetona was the only ship that was made before the beginning of WWII. It was originally planned to use the patrol ship, which was bought from Germany in 1927, for training and the president’s needs. After the Soviet occupation, the patrol ship was assigned to coast guard duty, mine sweeping. It also engaged the German fleet in combat. Prezidentas Smetona ran against a mine a sunk near Aegna Island on 11 January 1945. The wreck was finally located in the Gulf of Finland in 2007.

Kalev submarine

Kalev was one of two submarines built in the UK for Estonia. The submarine was commissioned in 1936. For the first couple of years after the Soviet occupation the submarine was being used to set up mines at Latvian ports and patrol waters near Uzava and Ovisa. In 1941, the submarine was ordered to deliver a Soviet recon group to a specific location, but the submarine ultimately disappeared. Most likely the submarine ran across a mine near Naisara Island and sunk. The location of the submarine’s wreck remains undiscovered to this day.

Ref: 102.109.109.6096


Leave a reply

Latvia’s export growth was moderately rapid in the first six months of 2017

Compared with the same period of 2016, Latvia experienced a moderately rapid export growth in the first six months of 2017, according to data published by Eurostat on Thursday, 17 August.

Latvia’s annual inflation in July was one of the highest in Europe

Inflation indexes in Latvia and the UK both reached 2.6% in July, which is one of the highest indexes in the European Union, according to data published by Eurostat on Thursday, 17 August.

Kirsis withdraws his candidacy in favour of Aseradens

Riga City Council member Vilnis Kirsis has decided to withdraw his candidacy from the race to become chairman of Unity in favour of a different candidate – Economy Minister Arvils Aseradens.

Rinkevics expresses Latvia’s interest in maintaining political consultations with Palestine

On Thursday, 17 August, Latvia’s Foreign Affairs Minister Edgars Rinkevics met with the leader of Palestine’s diplomatic mission in Latvia, ambassador Taissir Al Adjouri, to discuss mutual relations between Latvia and Palestine and the peace process in the Middle East.

Putin grins to the world’s seven billionth baby, Lithuania wary of border incidents

Russian President Vladimir Putin paid a visit this Wednesday to Kaliningrad, the westernmost point of Russia, but the reports about his trip in the Russian enclave and over the border in Lithuania were strikingly different.

Survey: red considered the safest colour for a car

Most Latvian drivers consider red to be the safest colour for a car. The most popular, however, is black, according to results of a survey by Virši-A fuel trader.

airBaltic’s number of carried passengers reaches a record in second consecutive month

Latvian airBaltic airline carried 393,312 passengers in July 2017, which is 21% more than the same period last year. The number of passengers carried by airBaltic remains the highest it has ever been in the airline’s history, BNN was informed by the company.

Brivais vilnis: nearly all fish processing companies are experiencing losses

Currently nearly all fish processing companies in Latvia are experiencing major or minor losses, says Brivais vilnis chairman Arnols Babris.

American helicopters to perform low-altitude flights within Latvia’s airspace

U.S. Air Force Brigade’s Task Force Phoenix helicopters, which are stationed in Latvia as part of Atlantic Resolve operation, will be performing low-altitude flights from 16:00 to 18:00 from Lielvarde to Dobele on Friday, 18 August.

Healthcare Ministry’s state secretary Karlis Ketners may be replaced

Latvian Healthcare Ministry may replace its state secretary Karlis Ketners. It is possible he will be transferred to work at Finance Ministry, as reported by LTV.

Suspects in Europe's insecticide egg scandal before Dutch court

In the Netherlands, two men have been in court in relation to the scandal of eggs containing banned insecticide that has caused an EU-wide health scare and cost millions of euros of damages.

Indian national with fake documents apprehended on Latvian border

An Indian citizen travelling from Moscow on a bus was caught at Terehovo border control point in Latvia for presenting officers a fake EU family member’s resident card. No criminal process was launched. The person returned to the country he was travelling from.

Latvijas dzelzceļš will not have to pay dividends from last year’s profits

The government decided on Wednesday, 16 August, that Latvijas dzelzceļš will not have to pay dividends from last year’s profits, which were EUR 880,998.

Latvian citizenship provided to 103 people

The Cabinet of Ministers has issued an order to provide Latvian citizenship to 103 people through naturalization.

Estonian Inbank's profits reach EUR 5.7 million in six months

Estonian financial services' provided Inbank made a profit of 5.7 million euros in the first half of 2017, which is a 429.4% increase compared to the respective period in 2016.

Agriculture Ministry invites residents to sign up for measures to support fisheries

From 21 August onward, Rural Support Service plans to start accepting applications for projects to receive support from European Maritime and Fisheries Fund’s action plan for development of fisheries in 2014-2020 as part of projects Innovation, Productive Investments in Aquaculture and Fishing and Aquaculture project processing.

Estonia seeks to improve reputation of state as employer

As the Estonian Ministry of Finance wishes to boost the reputation and brand of the Baltic country's public sector, it has announced a procurement tender aimed at preparing an action plan for reaching these goals.

Warning: there may be short-term problems with Swedbank internet banking functionality

Because of Swedbank’s planned IT modernization work scheduled for the night to Thursday, 17 August, there may be short term problems with payment card and internet banking functionality, the bank warns.

Aseradens: neither Usakovs nor Lembergs should be allowed to become prime minister

If he became chairman of Unity, Economy Minister Arvils Aseradens would mobilize democratic forces to prevent the possibility of either Aivars Lembergs or Nils Usakovs becoming prime ministers, Aseradens said in an interview to 900 seconds programme of LNT.

Caksa believes increasing wages for doctors would improve politicians’ credibility

The planned wage increase in healthcare could be the first step towards improving politicians’ credibility, says Healthcare Minister Anda Caksa.

Bill Gates donates USD 4.6 billion, reduces shares in Microsoft

The co-founder of the U.S. computer software firm Microsoft, Bill Gates, has allocated to charity 4.6 billion U.S. dollars (3.9 billion euros), which is the philanthropist's highest donation since the year 2000.

LOSP proposes using electronic packing slip system to reduce fraud

An electronic packing slip system for goods would be invaluable for agricultural goods, because it would help push out and reduce VAT fraud, says Latvian Agricultural Organisation Cooperation Council.

Latvia and Russia agree on exchange of additional 3,000 universal permits for cargoes

Latvia and Russia will exchange 7,000 universal permits for international cargo transports in 2017. This will be the largest universal permit volume in the past 15 years, as reported by Road Directorate.

Sierra Leone hit by tragic mudslide

A tragic mudslide has taken place in Sierra Leone, where flooding in the capital Freetown caused a mudslide, in which nearly 400 people have been have died.

Talks with potential KVV Liepājas metalurgs buyers to conclude in August

Talks with potential buyers of the insolvent KVV Liepājas metalurgs will conclude at the end of August, says representative of the company’s insolvency administrator Dzintars Hmielevskis.

Most read

Most commented