bnn.lv Latviski   bnn-news.com English   bnn-news.ru По-русски
Friday 22.09.2017 | Name days: Maigurs, Mārica, Māris

Several curious archaeological discoveries made in Egypt in recent years

FaceBook
Twitter
Draugiem
print
(No Ratings Yet)

Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUEgypt still holds many secrets to uncover: the pyramids, countless temples, mummies and other artefacts left from the ancient times of pharaohs. Modern scientific technologies allow researchers to make discovery after discovery at an unprecedented rate.

National Geographic has compiled the most interesting discoveries made in Egypt in recent years:

Iron – the special «metal from the sky»

While researching ancient evidence, archaeologists had come across jewellery and royal pendants made from iron before the age of pharaohs – 2000 years before Egyptians learned to work with this metal. In 1980, while analysing the chemical composition of those alloys it turned out that the composition of nickel is similar to that of meteorites that were found in that region. Research carried out in recent years helped reach a full confirmation of this: ancient Egypt had used iron harvested from meteorites. Meteorite iron was used to forge the dagger found in Tutankhamun’s tomb, for example. The hieroglyph that means iron means ‘metal from the sky’. This rare metal was also closely associated with power and wealth in ancient Egypt.

Tattoos – helpers in religious rituals

Archaeologists have found a mummy of a woman who lived in 1300-1070 B.C. in ancient Deir el-Medina, a craftsmen village situated not far from the Rulers Valley. Infrared analysis revealed at least 30 identifiable tattoos. One of those tattoos has a deep religious meaning the neck and shoulders of the women were adorned with an image of a cobra’s eyes – a ward against evil. Researchers also found tattoos associated with the goddess Hathor. It is possible that the tattoos on the woman’s arms were meant to give her magical powers during rituals. Archaeologists have found three such mummies.

Demons – evil holiness guards

Ancient Egyptian mythology is full of beings that possessed superhuman abilities – for good, for bad, for protection and for attack. While artefacts allow researchers to understand the religion of Ancient Egypt, it has been a mystery for a long time how Ancient Egyptians saw demons. Researchers have recently discovered drawings of demons on a sarcophagus that dates back approximately 4500 years. One of the depicted demons looks not unlike a baboon and another is drawn with a head of a human and a body of an unknown animal. Both are depicted protecting a complex of buildings. Researchers believe those two may have been demons that punished those who desecrate holy places. The conclusion that belief in evil spirits is older than previously assumed is confirmed by an image of a demon depicted on an ancient papyrus – a large bird with a black cat head.

Heart diseases and tumours are as ancient as mankind

It is believed that lack of physical activity, fat food and other problems associated with modern lifestyle are the main cause of different cardiovascular diseases. With that, it is traditionally believed that such health problems were less common in ancient times. It turned out that 20 of 52 mummies featured at the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities in Cairo had calcified blood vessels. This means those people may have suffered from atherosclerosis. For example, analysis of the mummy of princess Ahmose-Meryet-Amon shows that the 40-year-old woman would have needed a heart operation. In 2015, Spanish researchers found the mummy of a woman that lived in Elephantine 4200 years ago, during the sixth dynasty. This woman, according to researchers, had signs of breast cancer. A mummy found in 2011 had signs of prostate cancer.

Small mummies – respect towards stillborn babies

Approximately 100 years ago, a coffin was found in Giza. What is peculiar about it is that it was only 45 cm large. Research carried out by Cambridge University revealed that this coffin contained a 16-18 week old embryo. It is possible that it was the result of a spontaneous abortion that took place in 665 – 525 B.C. Remains of two 25-37 week old stillborn babies were found in Tutankhamun’s tomb. This shows the importance of life and death in Ancient Egypt.

Cause behind low-quality images: talents that fled from Egypt to Persia

In 525 B.C. Persian King Cambyses conquered Egypt’s capital city of Memphis. This began the 100-yearl-log rule of Persia in the region. During this period, the majority of artists and intellectuals were moved to Persia to serve the empires interests. Inexperienced craftsmen, on the other hand, remained in Egypt. This was concluded during research of a burial site that was established during Persian rule. The quality and design of a sarcophagus found there was so average that researchers had assumed it was a fake at first glance. Nevertheless, continued research confirmed the authenticity of the artefact. The reason behind its quality was that it was produced by inexperienced craftsmen.

Words that helped charm a beloved person

In 2016, archaeologists deciphered ancient papyrus documents written in Greek language in III century, revealing a very curious look at how superstitious Ancient Egyptians actually were. The deciphered documents provided an insight into certain words used by Egyptian women to charm their beloved men. One would invoke the gods to ‘ruin the love’ of a man toward another woman and instead charm the man into loving the woman that cast the spell.

Ref: 102.109.109.6882


Leave a reply

Kariņš: Unity started drifting when Valdis Dombrovskis left is management

Unity should seriously consider the option of starting in Saeima elections alongside other parties, said MEP Krišjānis Kariņš in an interview to Latvijas Radio.

CSP: average size of agricultural areas increases in Latvia

In 2016 the average size of agricultural holding constituted 43.2 ha, which is 15.5 % more than in 2013 when the average land area per holding accounted for 37.4 ha. The total standard output has risen by 24.5 %. Nevertheless, the number of economically active farms has reduced by 14.5 %.

Antāne forms a new political party in Ventspils with more than 350 associates

A new political party was founded in Ventspils this Thursday, 21 September. The name of this new party is Laiks Pārmaiņām (Time for Changes). The initiator of the founding of this new party is Baltic Association – Transport and Logistics President Inga Antāne.

NATO: suspicions about Zapad 2017 were justified

NATO views its suspicions about Russian-Belarusian Zapad 2017 military exercises as well-justified, because their scale and geography were larger than what was officially stated.

Expert: Latvia’s electronic industry productivity index on a rise

Electronics industry is the most rapidly growing processing industry in Latvia. This industry’s turnover growth in Latvia has been more rapid than that of Europe and the rest of Baltic States, says manager of wholesale trade company Lemona Latvija Sergejs Nikiforovs.

Video: How to make white-water rafting more dangerous?

If you think white-water rafting is a piece of cake, you can try getting over some rapids on six rafts.

Kaimiņš: Lembergs is Latvia’s biggest misfortune

It is no secret to anyone that the parliamentary committee in charge of investigating Oligarch case has so-called experts that are closely associated with infamous Ventspils politician Aivars Lembergs or his family. In an interview to BNN, Saeima member Artuss Kaimiņš shared his opinion about the latest scandalous development associated with Oligarch talks. He calls Lembergs Latvia’s biggest misfortune.

EC: Money for Rail Baltica in next period will be negotiated

Funding of the Rail Baltica railway project after the year 2020 will be negotiated upon as part of the EU's financial plan for the next period, has stated the European Commissioner for Mobility and Transport.

Sudraba published «false information» on parliamentary committee’s website

Parliamentarian Andrejs Judins asks to evaluate Inguna Sudraba’s possible breach of ethics with the publication of ‘false information’ on the website of Saeima’s parliamentary investigation committee responsible for the investigation of oligarch case.

Estonia plans to direct 300 million euros to healthcare

With the aim of improving the quality and access to Estonian healthcare, the country's government has backed amendments, which set forth increasing healthcare funding by 300 million over a period of five years

HTC agrees to sell part of its innovators and intellectual property to Google

U.S. computer technology firm Google has reached a deal with Taiwanese smartphone-maker HTC so that the latter would share part of its product development team and allow using HTC intellectual property.

22-year sentence for Imanta paedophile comes into force

With the Supreme Court of Justice abandoning the review of Riga Regional Court’s ruling, the 22-year sentence for the man prosecuted in the so-called Imanta paedophile case has come into force, as reported by the court.

Weekend in Latvia expected to be warm and sunny

The sky in Latvia will become clear during the day on Friday, 22 September. Rain is only expected to come to certain western areas. Air temperature will likely reach +16° C… +20° C, whereas air temperature at night will drop to +9° C… +14° C, as reported by State Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre.

UK to offer EU 20 billion euros, if it can remain in single market

British Prime Minister Theresa May plans to offer a transitional agreement with the European Union that would concern a two-year period until the country leaves the bloc in 2019.

Number of bankruptcies down in Latvia and Estonia but up in Lithuania

Last year, the number of bankruptcies declined 12.4% in Latvia and 10.9% in Estonia. Lithuania, on the other hand, had experienced a 35.2% increase in the number of bankrupt companies, according to information compiled by Coface.

Lithuania sets off alarm bells over quality of international brands' foods

What Lithuania‘s State Food and Veterinary service announced last Tuesday was big news in Lithuania, but not so of a discovery to the majority of Eastern European consumers - food of international brands sold in Western Europe and in Eastern Europe, and Lithuania, are not just the same.

Saeima forms a group to support HIV and tuberculosis patients

On Thursday, 21 September, Latvia’s Saeima agreed with deputy Hosams Abu Meri’s proposal to form a deputy group to support HIV and tuberculosis patients, as confirmed by Abu Meri’s assistant Edgars Ikstens.

Politologist comments whether Vējoņis’ authority is at risk or not

Saeima’s vote in which Latvian President Raimonds Vējoņis’ proposal on the status of non-citizens’ children was not pushed forward was as though a strike against the president’s authority, comments Filips Rajevskis.

In pictures: Mexicans rush to find quake survivors

A massive rescue effort is continuing in Mexico City and other areas in Mexico to find possible survivors caught under buildings that collapsed in the September 19 earthquake, which has killed no less than 237 people.

Producer prices in industry grew 0.1% in August

Compared to July, the level of producer prices in Latvian industry rose by 0.1 % in August 2017. Prices of products sold on the domestic market, as well as those of exported products grew by 0.1 %.

Saeima supports simplification of investigation of less serious crimes

On Thursday, 21 September, Latvia’s Saeima conceptually supported changes to the Criminal Process Law that provide for simplification of investigation procedures of less serious crimes.

Ozoliņš: transit and logistics industries should communicate more actively

Mutual communication and information exchange among businesses working in the industry is the pre-condition for improvement of Latvia’s transit industry, said Transport Ministry’s state secretary Kaspars Ozoliņš at a meeting of the Logistics Council.

As Estonia mends ID cyber vulnerability, officials recommended mobile ID

As Estonia tries to solve potential security risks found in the chips of 750,000 national ID cards, state officials using e-services have been recommended to Mobile-ID in addition to ID cards.

Vējonis: peaceful resolution of Ukraine’s conflict is Latvia’s priority

«Russia’s unjustified aggression towards its neighbours is a serious breach of international law. Any aggressor who begins and continues such conflicts should be brought to justice for breach of international law,» says Latvian President Raimonds Vējonis.

Authorities apprehend criminal group that caused 1.7 million euros worth of damage to the state

Latvian State Revenue Service’s Finance Police in cooperation with State Police anti-terrorism unit Omega neutralized a criminal group that specialized in VAT fraud and money laundering, as confirmed by SRS representative Evita Teice-Mamaja.

Newest comments