bnn.lv Latviski   bnn-news.com English   bnn-news.ru По-русски
Ceturtdiena 27.04.2017 | Name days: Tāle, Raimonda, Raina, Klementīne

Several curious archaeological discoveries made in Egypt in recent years

FaceBook
Twitter
Draugiem
print
(No Ratings Yet)

Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUEgypt still holds many secrets to uncover: the pyramids, countless temples, mummies and other artefacts left from the ancient times of pharaohs. Modern scientific technologies allow researchers to make discovery after discovery at an unprecedented rate.

National Geographic has compiled the most interesting discoveries made in Egypt in recent years:

Iron – the special «metal from the sky»

While researching ancient evidence, archaeologists had come across jewellery and royal pendants made from iron before the age of pharaohs – 2000 years before Egyptians learned to work with this metal. In 1980, while analysing the chemical composition of those alloys it turned out that the composition of nickel is similar to that of meteorites that were found in that region. Research carried out in recent years helped reach a full confirmation of this: ancient Egypt had used iron harvested from meteorites. Meteorite iron was used to forge the dagger found in Tutankhamun’s tomb, for example. The hieroglyph that means iron means ‘metal from the sky’. This rare metal was also closely associated with power and wealth in ancient Egypt.

Tattoos – helpers in religious rituals

Archaeologists have found a mummy of a woman who lived in 1300-1070 B.C. in ancient Deir el-Medina, a craftsmen village situated not far from the Rulers Valley. Infrared analysis revealed at least 30 identifiable tattoos. One of those tattoos has a deep religious meaning the neck and shoulders of the women were adorned with an image of a cobra’s eyes – a ward against evil. Researchers also found tattoos associated with the goddess Hathor. It is possible that the tattoos on the woman’s arms were meant to give her magical powers during rituals. Archaeologists have found three such mummies.

Demons – evil holiness guards

Ancient Egyptian mythology is full of beings that possessed superhuman abilities – for good, for bad, for protection and for attack. While artefacts allow researchers to understand the religion of Ancient Egypt, it has been a mystery for a long time how Ancient Egyptians saw demons. Researchers have recently discovered drawings of demons on a sarcophagus that dates back approximately 4500 years. One of the depicted demons looks not unlike a baboon and another is drawn with a head of a human and a body of an unknown animal. Both are depicted protecting a complex of buildings. Researchers believe those two may have been demons that punished those who desecrate holy places. The conclusion that belief in evil spirits is older than previously assumed is confirmed by an image of a demon depicted on an ancient papyrus – a large bird with a black cat head.

Heart diseases and tumours are as ancient as mankind

It is believed that lack of physical activity, fat food and other problems associated with modern lifestyle are the main cause of different cardiovascular diseases. With that, it is traditionally believed that such health problems were less common in ancient times. It turned out that 20 of 52 mummies featured at the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities in Cairo had calcified blood vessels. This means those people may have suffered from atherosclerosis. For example, analysis of the mummy of princess Ahmose-Meryet-Amon shows that the 40-year-old woman would have needed a heart operation. In 2015, Spanish researchers found the mummy of a woman that lived in Elephantine 4200 years ago, during the sixth dynasty. This woman, according to researchers, had signs of breast cancer. A mummy found in 2011 had signs of prostate cancer.

Small mummies – respect towards stillborn babies

Approximately 100 years ago, a coffin was found in Giza. What is peculiar about it is that it was only 45 cm large. Research carried out by Cambridge University revealed that this coffin contained a 16-18 week old embryo. It is possible that it was the result of a spontaneous abortion that took place in 665 – 525 B.C. Remains of two 25-37 week old stillborn babies were found in Tutankhamun’s tomb. This shows the importance of life and death in Ancient Egypt.

Cause behind low-quality images: talents that fled from Egypt to Persia

In 525 B.C. Persian King Cambyses conquered Egypt’s capital city of Memphis. This began the 100-yearl-log rule of Persia in the region. During this period, the majority of artists and intellectuals were moved to Persia to serve the empires interests. Inexperienced craftsmen, on the other hand, remained in Egypt. This was concluded during research of a burial site that was established during Persian rule. The quality and design of a sarcophagus found there was so average that researchers had assumed it was a fake at first glance. Nevertheless, continued research confirmed the authenticity of the artefact. The reason behind its quality was that it was produced by inexperienced craftsmen.

Words that helped charm a beloved person

In 2016, archaeologists deciphered ancient papyrus documents written in Greek language in III century, revealing a very curious look at how superstitious Ancient Egyptians actually were. The deciphered documents provided an insight into certain words used by Egyptian women to charm their beloved men. One would invoke the gods to ‘ruin the love’ of a man toward another woman and instead charm the man into loving the woman that cast the spell.

Ref: 102.109.109.6882


Leave a reply

Number of POS terminals in Latvia increased 16% in 2016

According to data of Association of Latvian Commercial Banks, compared to 2015, the number of POS terminals in Latvia increased 16% in 2016, reaching 41,613 terminals in total. On average, 494 new POS terminals are released in the country.

Citadele and Visa to create a brand new credit card in Baltics

Citadele Bank has signed a contract for long-term cooperation with global payment technology company Visa. The contract provides for close cooperation in the development of new and innovative payment cards and other payment products in all three Baltic States in the next six years.

Finance Ministry promises tax burden decline will be felt by all residents

The tax policy reform will make Latvia more competitive in comparison with other Baltic States. In addition, reforms in the country will introduce the largest PIT benefits for dependents among other Baltic States, Finance Ministry promises.

Latvia signs contract on procurement of howitzers from Austria

A mutual contract on the purchase of M109A5Oe-type self-propelled howitzer system, fire support and training platform has been signed by Latvian Defence Ministry and Austrian Defence and Sport Ministry.

Committee to evaluate education quality in Riga and reduction of classes in gymnasiums

Riga City Council intends to hold a meeting of the Education, Culture and Sports Committee. The agenda of this meeting includes Unity faction deputy Baiba Brigmane’s request to include the matter regarding Education and Science Ministry’s study performed in Riga’s secondary schools. The meeting will take place at 11:00 on Thursday, 27 April.

NATO cyber defence drill in Estonia gets bigger

Tallinn’s NATO cyber defence centre is currently holding its annual training exercise, cooperating with NATO members, partner countries and tech firms.

Lithuania: EU tends to finance electronic transports and railway, not roads

Lithuanian Road Administration believes European Union’s tends not to finance road infrastructure development and instead focus more on use of electric transports and railway infrastructure development. This is why the administration works on research of other sources of funding, says the administration’s director Egidijus Skrodenis.

KNAB commences criminal process in relation to bribe request

Latvian Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau has commenced a criminal process in relation to possible corruptive behaviour of a state official, requesting a bribe.

Baryshnikov to be given Latvian citizenship for contribution to Latvia’s culture

On Thursday, 27 April, Latvia’s Saeima supported the legislative draft regarding the provision of Latvian citizenship to world-famous artist Mikhail Baryshnikov for his contribution to Latvia’s culture, as BNN was informed by Saeima’s press-service.

Lithuania asks Klaipeda gas terminal to be added to EU’s list of projects of common interest

Lithuania has asked Klaipeda LNG terminal to be added to EU’s list of projects of common interest. If European Commission decides to approve this request, Lithuania can hope for financial support of at least EUR 100 million. This funding would help reduce gas prices for consumers in Lithuania and other Baltic States.

Work safety at a construction field: problem, myth or unnecessary extra

The matter of work safety in construction remains a topical and complex matter. One of the examples is the construction process of Kekava primary school, in relation to which residents have voiced serious concerns for the safety of the people at work there. Construction firm Abora, meanwhile, says there is nothing to those rumours, and that those are merely «foolish words» coming from dissatisfied workers.

Number of Twitter users continues to grow

The count of Twitter users in the first quarter of 2017 has continued to increase considerably, while the revenue of the American firm have gone down since March 2016.

Turkey blames 9,000 police for alleged links with possible coup instigator

Over 9,000 officers have recently been suspended in Turkey over alleged links to the U.S.-based Islamic preacher Fethullah Gülen, citing grounds of national security as the reason.

Karins: Latvian state should take over Conexus Baltic Grid

Latvian state should buy the controlling package of shares in gas transmission and storage operator Conexus Baltic Grid, says Latvian MEP Krisjanis Karins.

Vegetable producers: the industry has a future, but it is burdened by taxes

Compared with Europe’s southern territories, vegetable and fruit production in Latvia has a future, says manager of Mūsmāju dārzeņi association Edite Strazdina.

European Commission takes on Hungary regarding its higher education law

EU’s European Commission has commenced legal action against the Hungarian government in relation to the country’s education law, which is said to be endangering Budapest’s Central European University.

Last year foreign travellers stayed in Latvia for longer, but spent less money

In 2016, foreign travellers crossed the border of Latvia 6.8 million times, which is 0.7 % less than during the previous year. Last year foreign travellers spent EUR 645.2 million in Latvia – EUR 97.0 million or 13.1 % less than in 2015.

Pulks: Riga municipality’s social network accounts are financed by residents; KNAB investigates

«Social network accounts of Riga municipality were created using money of Riga residents. They cannot be illegally privatized to then be used to accomplish political goals,» says Riga City Council’s Unity faction deputy chairman Olafs Pulks.

Ministry: Latvian companies have unused potential in exploring Spain’s market

Latvian companies have unused potential in exploring Spain’s market. This is why the opening of direct flight connectivity between Riga and Madrid could open up new opportunities for business and tourism, says Latvian Foreign Affairs Minister Edgars Rinkevics.

Every third resident would be unable to pay bills if they lose their job

Every third Latvian resident would experience difficulties covering monthly expenses if they suddenly lost their job, according to results of Swedbank Insurance study.

Estonia’s health workers agree to pay-rise solution

Following five months of talks with Estonian government and health officials, five Estonian trade unions of health workers have signed a collective agreement, agreeing to a pay-rise and abandoning plans to hold long strikes.

Economist: Latvian residents’ overall satisfaction with life is below most EU countries

There are many different measurements in the world that seem impossible to measure – our quality of life and development progress, says Bank of Latvia economist Daina Paula in a publication of makroekonomika.lv, commenting on different measurements that help characterize development of national economy and people’s quality of life.

Estonian ex-PM: Bronze Night riots in Tallinn coordinated by Russian officers on site

On the 10th anniversary of the Bronze Night riots in Tallinn, the then Prime Minister Andrus Ansip has noted that Russian special forces’ officers were in the Estonian capital coordinating, where vodka and flammable liquids were supplied.

Reporters Without Borders: media experience unprecedented threats

«The freedom of press in the world has never been more at risk than it is now,» announced Reporters Without Borders in its annual World Press Freedom Index on Wednesday, 26 April.

Several media-related people become candidates in municipal elections in Latvia

Among candidates that intend to participate in the upcoming municipal elections in Latvia are several people who are closely associated with the media environment. Not all of them, however, have direct ties to journalist work.