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Tuesday 20.02.2018 | Name days: Smuidra, Vitauts, Smuidris
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The sunniest places in Latvia and Europe during the summer season

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After the long and harsh winter and overall greyness that followed shortly after, only a handful of people would not yearn for some proper summer sunlight. People begin the planning of their summer vacations. Latvia’s Environmental, Geology and Meteorology Centre, on the other hand, has compiled a climatic outlook about the sunniest places in Europe and Latvia for this year’s summer period.

In Europe as a whole, meteorologists expect the least cloud density above the Mediterranean Sea area (10-60%). Clouds are expected to be rather dense able the British Isles and Scandinavia’s north-west over the course of summer (60-90%).Author: meteo.lv

Average cloud density above Europe in 1982-2009 summer seasons

The situation in Latvia is not bad – cloud density during summer seasons is usually notably lower in comparison with Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. Latvia’s average cloud density during summer is 55% along the sea shore and up to 60-62% in regions on hills.

Author: meteo.lv

Average cloud density (%) in Latvia during summer seasons of 1982-2009

Cloudiness affects just how much sunlight reaches the Earth’s surface. Therefore, the index regarding the distribution of the Sun’s radiation is closely related to average cloudiness. The amount of radiation that reaches the Earth depends on how much radiation comes directly from the Sun and how much is reflected by clouds.

The highest global radiation level during summer seasons in Europe is registered in the Mediterranean region, where it reaches 250-350 W/m2. Increased cloudiness above Europe’s north-west does not allow radiation to exceed 150-200 W/m2.

Author: meteo.lv

Average global Sun radiation index (W/m2) in Europe throughout summer seasons of 1990-2005

Latvia’s Sun radiation intensity during summer is usually 200-230 W/m2. The lowest Sun radiation intensity during summer is usually registered in Kurzeme and eastern regions of Latvia, where weather conditions are usually favourable for the formation of clouds. The highest levels of Sun radiation intensity are usually found along coastal regions of the Baltic Sea.

Author: meteo.lv

Average global Sun radiation intensity (W/m2) in Latvia 1990-2005 summer seasons

Sun intensity can be expressed not only in the form of Sun radiation intensity, but also based on the total volume of sunlight received over the course of a single day. Daylight, which is calculated in kLux, includes direct sunlight, light dispersed by clouds and the volume of sunlight reflected by objects on the surface of the Earth. The volume of daylight is also determined by cloudiness: the Mediterranean region receives the highest doses of sunlight every day (30-40 kLux). Europe’s north-west regions, on the other hand, receive the least (18-24 kLux). Latvia’s daily received volume of sunlight reaches 22-27 kLux during summer seasons.

Author: meteo.lv

Average daily sunlight intensity (kLux) in Europe during summer seasons of 1990-2005

Author: meteo.lv

Average daily sunlight intensity (kLux) in Latvia during summer seasons of 1990-2005

Latvia’s Environmental, Geology and meteorology Centre notes that, unlike usual climatic outlooks, which are based on information from environmental observation stations, this outlook was prepared using satellite observations per each individual region.


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