bnn.lv Latviski   bnn-news.com English   bnn-news.ru По-русски
Wednesday 18.01.2017 | Name days: Antis, Antons

Ten legendary lost cities

FaceBook
Twitter
Draugiem
print
(No Ratings Yet)

Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUOur world has a great many lost cities wrapped in legend and mystery. It is believed that they were once been teeming with life and activity, but were lost because of war, migration or natural disasters. Many of those ancient cities have since been found. Many more of them remain only in legends.

National Geographic has compiled a list of ten of the most legendary lost cities that continue to attract the interest of historians, archaeologists and adventurers to this day:

Petra

Hidden among deserts and mountains, Petra – a city carved in rock, bearing sings of Assyrian, Egyptian and even Roman architecture is one of Jordan’s most valued treasures. This city is the heritage left from Nabataeans – brave warriors and incredibly talented lapidarists who lived in the south of Jordan more than two thousand years ago.

Throughout the years archaeologists have found castles, temples, tombs, an antique amphitheatre and many other structures. The western world had no idea of the existence of Petra up until 1812. It was first discovered by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.

Researchers say the city was at its peak approximately 500 years ago, when it was an important hub for silk and spice trade.

Atlantis

The legendary city of Atlantis was first mentioned by Plato in his ‘Dialogues’. He described it as a modern civilization with a powerful fleet, which apparently conquered most of Europe. Some say Atlantis was originally located in the Atlantic Ocean not far from Gibraltar. Atlantis apparently sunk to the bottom of the ocean as a result of a natural disaster after a failed attempt to conquer Athens.

Although Plato’s story about Atlantis is often explained with the author’s fantasy, the civilization he described has been a source of inspiration for many writers throughout human history.

City of the Caesars

The City of Caesars is a mythical place in South America. It is often called the City of Patagonia or the Wandering City. It is believed this city was located in Patagonia, in a valley of the Andes between Chile and Argentina. Although this city was actively sought during the colonization of South America, no evidence was found to suggest such a place had ever existed.

Legends say the City of Caesars was thriving and rich; that there was a lot of gold, silver and diamonds. One legend says the city was located in the Andes between two mountains – one was made of gold and the other was made of diamonds.

Troy

For a long time, this city, which was located in Turkey, was considered a city that only existed in Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey and Virgil’s Aeneid. However, this city was finally unearthed by German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in the 19th century. He determined that remains of the city are composed of nine archaeological layers, the oldest of which dates back to 3000 B.C.

El Dorado

The Golden City is one of the most legendary cities. It was allegedly located in the El Dorado Empire in the jungles of South America. The city was ruled by a powerful ruler and it was apparently rich with gold and precious stones. The Spanish Conquistadores tried to find this city in the 16th century.

Memphis

Memphis, which, according to legend, was founded by Pharaoh Menes in 3100 B.C., was the capital of ancient Egypt and its administrative centre for hundreds of years. Its ruins are found some 20 km away from modern-day Cairo. During its golden age, Memphis was a significant economic, political, religious and cultural centre. The fall of Memphis possibly occurred as a result of rapid decline of economic influence, which came as a result of the rise of Alexandria in the Hellenistic Age.

Angora

Angora region in Cambodia was the largest pre-industrial era city with a well-developed infrastructure. Angora was the cradle of the Khmer Empire. Its golden age took place approximately in the period between the 9th century and the 13th century. The Angkor temple is the largest religious temple in the world. 1431 marked the beginning of the city’s decline, because invaders had driven out the local ruler and thereby cause a massive migration of local residents.

The White City

Ever since the conquering of America in the 16th century, there have been countless legends about an ancient city hidden deep in the jungles of Central America, in the east of Honduras. This city, sometimes referred to as White or the Monkey God’s Lost City, was considered nothing short of a myth.

It was found only recently.

An expedition of American and Honduras scientists departed to La Moskitia region in Honduras in March 2015. Thanks to LIDAR technology, which measures an object’s height using a laser beam generated by an aircraft, it was possible to locate ruins of man-made structures. Researchers concluded those were the remains of the ancient lost city. A pyramid and a collection of stone sculptures, which could have been part of ancient burial rituals were found there. Scientists believe structures found there could be 3000-3400 years old.

Pompeii

The Roman city of Pompeii, which was located some place close to where modern-day Naples is located, was completely wiped out in an eruption of the Vesuvius Volcano on 24 August, 79 AD. The city was unearthed by pure accident in 1599. Archaeologists discovered the city remained the same as it was before the eruption of the volcano. Streets and houses complete with furniture, people and animals who failed to escape their fate were found under metres of ash.

Machu Picchu

The ancient city of Machu Picchu was a sacred Inca site located in an isolated place, high in the mountains of Peru, near Urumba Valley. Residents left it after South America was conquered by the Spanish. Conquistadores never found it, however. No one knew of its existence until it was found by historian Hiram Bingham. It was initially believed that Machu Picchu was a prison complex, but recent research proves it was property of Inca emperor Pachacuti.

Ref: 102.109.109.7494


Leave a reply

WhatsApp to be provided with bank-contacting functionality

Continuing the digitization process and studying customer habits more intently, it is planned to allow customers resolve matters related to finances using WhatsApp, DNB Bank reports.

U.S. commutes sentence of classified-document-leaker Manning

U.S. President Barack Obama has commuted the sentence of the former U.S. soldier Chelsea Manning, found guilty of stealing and leaking a vast material of classified material to transparency organisations.

Mamikin expects things to get worse in EU after EP elections

MEP Andrey Mamikin predicts the situation in the EU to become worse after elections in the European Parliament and the election of Antonio Tajani as president.

Study results about Latvian schoolchildren urge immediate action

«OECD’s study about the level of knowledge of Latvian schoolchildren urges immediate action. We cannot stop with average results – we have few youngsters, and we cannot afford to give them secondary education,» – said Chairman of Saeima’s European Affairs Committee Lolita Cigane and head of Education, Culture and Science Committee Ilze Vinkele.

Opinions: untrue myths about export in Latvia

Although Latvia is a successful country in Northern Europe, some of the country’s residents believe that all of Latvia’s export depends on Russia and that salvation lies in small wages. Big Event representatives offer their look on what is true.

EHC: Lithuania violated prisoner’s rights with barring internet access

A jail in Lithuania has unjustly barred a prisoner from accessing the internet, according to a ruling by the European Court of Human Rights.

Oil price on a rise in the world; exchange indexes decline in USA and Europe

The price of oil in the world this morning, 18 January, grew in relation to US dollar’s value drop and expectations regarding commercial oil reserves in USA, which compensates on the market the influence from predictions in Russia and USA about oil production increase by the end of 2017.

Association asks to sign proposal on publication of audio recordings from Saeima meetings

In the assessment of deputy quotas the Budget and Finance Committee worked as voting machines. They did not try to assess each proposal’s purpose, states Delna – Society for Openness, urging other to sign a proposal on Manabalss.lv for the publication of audio recordings made during meetings of Saeima committees.

Estonia to raise wages for healthcare workers

Estonian Health Insurance Fund's has allocated a total of 23.6 million euros for raising wages of health care workers, who last year asked for at total of 68 million euros.

Defence cooperation agreement concluded by Estonia and U.S.

Estonia and the U.S. have signed a bilateral agreement on cooperation in the field of defence, which clarifies the legal framework for the presence of American Armed Forces in Estonia.

Influenza epidemic declared in Latvia

On Tuesday, 17 January, Disease Prevention and Control Centre declared the beginning of an influenza epidemic in Latvia.

Vegetable prices in Northern Europe increased by tough weather in south

Due to Italy and Spain having unfavourable weather for growing vegetables, prices of a number of vegetables are likely to increase.

Reirs: Latvia should introduce minimal social fees

In the next year’s budget it will be necessary to plug the EUR 50 million-large hole in the social budget, said Welfare Minister Janis Reirs in an interview to LTV on Tuesday, 17 January.

European Parliament speaker’s election won by Italian Tajani

Italian right-wing politician Antonio Tajani has won the election for the post of the chairman of the European Parliament. The 63-year-old Tajani is a former press representative of convicted former Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi and an ex-European commissioner

In spite of opposition from businessmen, government supports railway electrification project

On Tuesday, 17 January, the Cabinet of Ministers supported Transport Ministry’s and LDz’s proposed project for electrification of the country’s railway network and its further development. The plan provides for the electrification of the railway network from Daugavpils and Rezekne to Riga through Krustpils, as BNN was informed by Transport Ministry.

Study: users still do not make passwords that are sufficiently secure

«Considering the amount of private and confidential information we tend to store on the internet, users should be more careful about security and effective passwords. This seems self-explanatory, but many people, it seems, do not understand how easy it is to make password-management mistakes,» – says Kaspersky Lab consumer commercial manager Andrey Mohola.

SRS uncovers 3,200 litres of illegal diesel fuel in Riga

During an information check regarding possible storage and realization of illegal diesel fuel, State Revenue Service’s Customs Police uncovered illegally stored diesel fuel within a garage territory in Riga on 11 January, 2017.

GFK determines the most popular smart-phones in Latvia

Last year, Latvians were prepared to spend more money on smart-phones than in 2015. According to results of a study by GFK, residents spent EUR 389 on the purchase of a smart-phone on average.

BATL: intention to electrify railway line is either incompetent or is the scam of the century

In spite of the industry’s calls over the past two years, Transport Ministry still has not provided a cargo attraction plan, a unified offer for our cooperation partners. Nor do we have a clearly defined transit strategy and development direction, says Baltic Association – Transport and Logistics.

Poroshenko warns Ukrainians could get disillusioned with Euro-integration

The choice of the people of Ukraine to go the road of deepening ties with the European Union could turn into disappointment if delays with visa regime and association agreement continue, Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko stated.

Ventspils municipality’s planned budget expenditures are higher than revenue

On 12 January, Ventspils City Council approved the budget for 2017. It is stated in the document that the base budget’s planned revenue is EUR 13,584,298. Budget expenditures are planned at EUR 22,652,396, as reported by Marlena Zvaigzne, editor of Ventspils Novadnieks.

Rating: Estonia best in Baltic in growing and retaining talent

In a rating on the success of countries in growing, attracting and retaining talented workers, Baltic states have all been ranked in the top 33 out of 100 countries.

FM: gradual transfer to electronic procurements is planned

«The procurement field has changed significantly over the past several years. And it is not just because of the new directive announced by the European Parliament and European Council for procurements. One other factor to consider is the aiming for better management, reduction of the administrative burden and more efficient use of public resources,» – reports Finance Ministry’s Legal Department expert Liga Neilande.

Adding more EUR 10m Rail Baltic stops up for analysis, says Ratas

The current project of the international high-speed railway Rail Baltica contains three stops in its Estonian part, while adding more would need careful analysis, stated Estonian Prime Minister Jüri Ratas.

Okmanis: stores should become modern to survive

Competition in the trade sector continues to grow in Latvia, admits Raimonds Okmanis, chairman of Latvian Traders Association.

When do you pay fines for speeding?

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...

Polls Archive



Category feed: Feed: