bnn.lv Latviski   bnn-news.com English   bnn-news.ru По-русски
Friday 21.07.2017 | Name days: Meldra, Meldris, Melisa

The biggest disasters in the history of space exploration

FaceBook
Twitter
Draugiem
print
(No Ratings Yet)

Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUSince the beginning of intensive space exploration 60 years go there have been many significant achievements made in this field. Unfortunately, there have also been multiple very painful tragedies as well. In spite of failures, mankind bravely continues researching outer space. The desire to find answers to mysteries that surround the nature of the Universe and increase our knowledge is greater than the fear of failure.

Here are some of the biggest tragedies in the history of space exploration compiled by National Geographic. This list is dedicated to 30 years since the Challenger disaster.

The first death

The first disaster that included the death of cosmonauts took place in 1967, when Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov’s ship’s Soyuz 1 escape pod crashed on Russia’s territory. There are rumours that Komarov and other people knew about the defects of the escape pod but the Soviet leaders had nonetheless ignored their warnings and ordered the launch. Sources say the tragedy was caused by a failure in the pod’s parachute system.

Death of Soviet cosmonauts in space

In 1971, three Soviet cosmonauts died on their way to Earth from Salyut 1 space station. Their space craft Soyuz 11 landed fine. This is why the rescue team was shocked to find the crew dead in their seats with dark blue spots on their faces and blood coming from their noses and ears. The investigation revealed that the space craft’s respiratory ventilation valve had ruptured, choking the cosmonauts. Because the space craft was fitted with an auto-pilot system, it was capable of landing without pilot’s assistance.

Challenger disaster

On 28 January 1986, 73 seconds after launch, Challenger space shuttle broke apart at 14 km altitude above the Atlantic Ocean, killing seven astronauts that were on board. The shuttle was destroyed by an explosion of an external fuel tank. Christa McAuliffe was a teacher who was part of this mission. She planned to tell American children about the Universe and the possibility of inter-planetary travel from space. Challenger disaster was very traumatic for USA. Because of it, USA halted its space programme for 32 months.

Columbia disaster

Columbia space shuttle, which was already old, fell apart after entering Earth’s atmosphere on its way back from a 16-day mission on 1 February 2003. All seven astronauts died. Investigation of this disaster revealed that the cause of the disaster was the damage the shuttle had sustained during launch, when debris from the external fuel tank damaged the shuttle’s left wing. Debris had punched a hole in Columbia’s shielding, which ruptured when the shuttle re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere. Investigators had also found out that NASA engineers had expressed concerns about the possible damage of the shuttle’s wing during its launch. During Columbia’s 16-day mission, engineers requested the team to provide images of shuttle to check for damage times, but no images were provided.

Apollo 1 disaster

Apollo programme was an American manned space flight project. It was launched to carry out a landing on the Moon. On 27 January 1967 three American astronauts died during a test flight of Apollo 1 ship module on Earth. A fire broke out in the cockpit. The crew suffocated and their bodies burned. Multiple errors were uncovered during the investigation. This includes the fact that clean oxygen was being used in the cockpit. In addition, engineers used highly flammable space-suit mounts and the escape hatch of the space craft opened to the inside, which made it difficult for the crew to escape.

Apollo 13 disaster

The Apollo 13 mission served as a clear example of the dangers mankind faces in outer space. Fortunately, it did not end tragically. The launch took place 11 April 1970. The ship’s oxygen tank exploded during flight, which also damaged its service module. This ultimately doomed the plan to land on the Moon. In order to return to Earth, astronauts had to circle around the Moon using its gravity.

Ref: 102.109.109.3833


Leave a reply

Fashion in business: how to be heard in the modern-day world?

It would seem that nowadays strict fashion trends have «died». This is because people for ways to look beautiful and comfortable. One of the minds behind TRÉS fashion line, Enija Mugurevica shares advice how to start a business in the fashion industry from scratch and be heard and noticed in the modern-day world.

FCMC fines Norvik Banka for EUR 1.3 million and Rietumu Banka for EUR 1.56 million

Finance and Capital Market Commission in cooperation with Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Counterproliferation Center found out in a target inspection that Latvian banks – Norvik Banka and Rietumu Banka – have not followed requirements of regulations for the prevention of money laundering and terrorism funding.

Saeima approves controversial amendments to Credit Institutions Law

On Friday, 21 July, Latvian Saeima approved amendments to the Credit Institutions Law, which were previously returned to the parliament for a repeated viewing by President Raimonds Vejonis, completely unchanged.

Bank of Latvia: tax reform is a disappointment; it will not improve competitiveness

The tax reform submitted to the Saeima for approval is one big disappointment that will not improve competitiveness, said head of the Monetary Policy Office of the Bank of Latvia Uldis Rutkaste in an interview to LNT 900 seconds.

Betsafe predicts: will Duklavs remain Latvia’s Agriculture Minister?

Although Unity has asked the Union of Greens and Farmers to replace Agriculture Minister Janis Duklavs with someone else after the scandalous oligarch talks in Ridzene hotel, Duklavs will likely keep his post, according to Betsafe bookmakers. There is a 33% probability of Duklavs losing his post.

Latvian alcohol industry has an offer to increase excise tax rate

Experience shows – rapid increase of excise tax results in rapid increase of prices and rapid decline of revenue for the state treasury. Based on careful calculations, Latvian Alcohol Industry Association asks the government to stick with the current excise tax increase plan.

Air temperature to reach +24° C… +25° C in Latvia on weekend

Weather is expected to be largely dry this weekend in Latvia. Next week, however, is expected to be rainy, as reported by State Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre.

Saeima deputies sign agreement on Oligarch talks committee’s formation

So far only parliament members have signed the agreement on the formation of a Saeima committee for the investigation of Oligarch talks. Neither of them represents Unity – Karlis Serzants from Union of Greens and Farmers and Einars Cilinskis from VL-TB/LNNK.

Seaima Praesidium approves parliamentary budget for 2018

On 20 July, Saeima Praesidium approved the parliament’s budget request for 2018. It is planned to be EUR 22.04 million, setting funding to maintain current functions on the level of 2017, BNN was informed by Saeima press-service.

Beer brewers: fooling around with tax reforms could destroy Latvia’s beer industry

By increasing excise tax for beer, the goal of reducing alcohol consumption will not be achieved. This is because consumption of other alcoholic beverages will increase as a result, notes CEO of Latvian Breweries Union Peteris Linins, commenting on the government’s plans to raise excise tax for beer.

4,558 marriages registered in Latvia in first six months of 2017

Over the past three years, Latvian birth number almost has not changed and constitutes 22 thousand annually. 10,175 children were born in the first half of 2017, which means 990 newborn fewer than in the same period a year ago.

Broadcasting organizations ask NEPLP to stop meddling with public media contents

The board of Latvian Association of Broadcasting Organizations urges the government and National Electronic Mass Media Council to continue realizing reforms in public media.

Kucinskis also met with Slesers in the infamous meeting room of Ridzene hotel

Latvian Prime Minister Maris Kucinskis admits having met with Ainars Slesers in the now infamous meeting room in Ridzene hotel a couple of times, specifically when the People’s Party made the decision to join Par labu Latviju.

Pumpurs hands 99% of Užavas alus capital shares to his son

Ildis Pumpurs, up until now the only owner and board member of Ventspils Užavas alus brewery, has handed 99% of the company’s capital shares to his son Oskars Pumpurs.

Repeated elections in Kekava – activity twice as high so far

Repeated election has commenced in Kekava’s 785 election site. 274 voters or 7% of local voting population took part in elections in the first day, according to data from the election site.

Estonia plans accepting from Turkey 160 Syrian refugees

Estonian police are looking into the documents on 160 refugees from Syria that are to be moved to Estonia in line with an agreement reached between the EU and Turkey.

Experts: potato harvest in Latvia may come later than usual this year

Potato harvest in Latvia may come one week later than usual. Still, the harvest is expected to be on the level of last year, BNN was told by Potato Growers and Processors Union.

News feed to be added to Google's website and mobile app

Internet search giant Google has said it would add a continuous feed of news and other content to its homepage and mobile app, which would be displayed before a user makes a search query.

NATO and Chinese ships perform joint manoeuvrer before entering Baltic Sea

This week, Standing NATO Maritime Group One welcomed in international a group of Chinese Navy ships that entered the Baltic Sea through the Strait of Denmark from the North Sea. Ships of both groups performed a mutually coordinated manoeuvrer for the ships to ensure safe entry of ships into the Baltic Sea, as reported by Latvian Defence Ministry.

Russia distances itself from proclamation of «Malorossiya» in eastern Ukraine

The Kremlin has noted that the proclamation of a county entitled «Malorossiya», or «Little Russia» in the pro-Kremlin-separatist-held eastern parts of Ukraine is a personal initiative of the rebel leader.

Expert: oil prices will likely remain zigzag-like

Aside from one week, oil reserves have been continuously declining since April. This trend will likely continue. Oil refining activities were not too high. This reduced demand for oil. In Q3, oil producers will increase production output and compound stores, comments macroeconomics expert Dainis Gaspuitis.

Construction output in Q1 in Latvia – tenth largest in EU

In Latvia, construction production volume in Q1 2017, when compared with the same period of last year, grew 8.4%. This puts Latvia on the tenth place among EU member states, according to the latest data from Eurostat.

Pabriks invites Estonia to focus on protecting Europe’s borders during presidency

MEP from Latvia Artis Pabriks invites Estonia as the presiding country in the European Council to focus on the protection of Europe’s borders and help motivate other member states to follow through with their objectives.

Contract signed for 60 million euros loan for Rīgas satiksme

Nordic Investment Bank and Riga municipality’s company Rīgas satiksme have signed a contract for the allocation of a loan worth 60 million euros. Funding is intended to be used to purchase hydrogen-powered buses and low-floor trams, as well as investments into tram infrastructure.

Household expenditure on consumption exceeds pre-crisis levels in Latvia

In 2016, household consumption expenditure comprised on average EUR 333 per household member monthly – EUR 17 or 5.4 % more than in 2015.

Most read

Most commented

Newest comments

Do you have an acquaintance currently looking for a job?

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...

Polls Archive



Category feed: Feed: