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Tuesday 12.12.2017 | Name days: Otīlija, Iveta
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Ticks are waking up in Latvia

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Latvian Centre Infectious Diseases has registered the first case of tick bite this year.

Medics provided medical aid to a man from Pieriga. That person was not vaccinated against encephalitis, so the tick was handed to the laboratory for tests, as the Riga Eastern Clinical University Hospital reports.

Medics believe that, given the recent weather abnormality, these little blood-sucking insects have become active at a later time as they usually do. For example: the first tick bite of spring 2012 was registered on March 23.

Ticks usually wake up when air temperature exceeds +5° C. However, some ticks can become active at lower temperatures as well. The tick activity period usually lasts from March to October.

Medics note that the beginning of the year is the appropriate time to prepare for the active leisure season, garden and forest activities by getting vaccinated against encephalitis.

Latvian ticks mainly inhabit damp and dark places, such as mixed forests with well-developed undergrowth and overgrown meadows.

Vaccination is an effective method to avoid encephalitis. However, even being vaccinated people should still remember to wear appropriate clothes in order to avoid other tick related infections.

When doing out for a walk in the forest or other locations with dense vegetation, the clothing should cover the body in a way that would not allow a tick to enter. Clothing should be checked from time to time.

As an additional means against ticks, residents are advised to use special tick repellent sprays on their clothing.

Specialists remind that ticks can be carried inside a home by pets.

If the tick has bitten you, it needs to be taken off. It would be best if a specialist handles the procedure. Nevertheless, this should not be delayed – the longer a tick remains on a body, the higher the risk of infection. Before pulling out the tick, the area around the bite should be disinfected. Thin tweezers should be used to pull the tick out. Care should be exercised so that the insect is not squashed while he is still in the skin. This would lead to internal fluids of the tick being pumped into the bloodstream.

As soon as the tick has been removed, the area around the bite should be treated with iodine or other disinfectant. Hands should be washed with soap. The tick should not be touched with bare hands. If the bitten person is not vaccinated, it is highly recommended to visit a family doctor or some other medical institution.

Ref: 102.109.109.6988


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