In 2015 the total volume of freights carried in main transport sectors decreased 2 % in comparison with 2014. The most rapid drop was recorded in national freights carried by road – of 2.4 million tons or 4.7% as compared with 2014.
In 2015, 55.6 million tons of the freight were carried by rail, which is a decrease of 2.4 % as compared with 2014. The volume of national freights grew by 33% as compared with the previous year (1.7 million tons), which was affected by growth in transportation of timber and grain. In turn, in international rail traffic the volume of freights dropped to 53.9 million tons, which is 3.2% less than in 2014, according to data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia.
Last year, the deterioration in the economic situation of Russia had a significant impact on the export freight volume. In 2015, 2.8 million tons of export freights were carried by rail (including transport from the Latvian ports), which is 1.7 million tons (37%) less than a year before.
Of all international freights carried by rail, 48.3 million tons or 89.4% were import freights, which also include freights transported to the Latvian ports. The carriage of import freights has decreased by 1.1 million tons or 2.3%, as compared with 2014, which can be explained with drop in the volume of freights of coal, oil products and iron ore from Russia.
2.8 million tons of freight was carried in transit through Latvia, which is 1 million tons (53.7%) more than in 2014.
In 2015, 62.2 million tons of the freight was carried by road, which is the same as in 2014. National freights decreased by 2.4 million tons or 4.7%; in turn, international freights grew by 2.3 million tons or 19.5%.
4.3 million tons of freight were carried in export freight traffic, which is 1% more than in 2014. As compared with 2014 freight traffic to Estonia increased by 9.7%, to Germany – by 5.1%, to Lithuania – by 2.7%. In turn, freight traffic to Russia dropped by 28.7%.
In 2015 as compared with 2014 import freight traffic decreased by 5.8%, carrying 2.6 million tons of freight. A significant drop was recorded in freights from Lithuania – 33.2% less freights than in 2014. In turn, freights imported from Estonia accounted for 0.6 million tons, which is a growth of 3.3%.
In 2015 the volume of cross-trade and cabotage freights carried by vehicles registered in Latvia witnessed significant growth. There were 7.1 million tons of cross-trade and cabotage freight carried in 2015, which is an increase of 2.4 million tons or 50.6 % as compared with 2014. Due to the economic sanctions imposed by the European Union on Russia and the deterioration in the economic situation of Russia, the Latvian road freight carriers shifted their focus on provision of service abroad. The largest share of freights were carried in Sweden – 1.1 million tons – 0.7 million tons (150.4%) more than in the previous year. 0.8 million tons of freight were carried in Germany (0.5 million tons or 138.9% more).
In 2015, 250.7 million passengers were carried by public transport, which is a decrease of 2.6% or 6.6 million passengers, as compared with 2014. Since 2010 the changes in the number of carried passengers have no clear trend. During the time period from 2011 to 2014, as compared with 2010, the number of carried passengers was increasing (in 2011 – by 2.2%, in 2012 – by 0.8%, in 2013 – by 3.1%, in 2014 – by 2.4%); in turn, in 2015 as compared with 2010 it slightly decreased – by 0.2%.