bnn.lv Latviski   bnn-news.com English   bnn-news.ru По-русски
Ceturtdiena 20.02.2020 | Name days: Smuidra, Vitauts, Smuidris

How to survive in Antarctica? Seven survival tips

FaceBook
Twitter
Draugiem
print
(+1 rating, 7 votes)

Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUAntarctica is a 14 million m2 large desert, where wind speed often reaches 200 m/h, air temperature often drops as far as -73° C and the air is as dry as it is in the Sahara Desert. Scientists working in Antarctica live as though they are on a space station. This is how dangerous this place truly is.

National Geographic has compiled a list of tips for survival in Antarctica:

Be prepared for powerful frost; watch out for frostbite

In summer, air temperature under windless conditions can drop as far as -50° C. Wind can cause freezing in a blink of an eye. This is why it is important to wear very warm clothes all the time. Nose, cheeks, ears and chin are the first body parts that feel the cold. Physical activity helps maintain blood circulation, so don’t stand around doing nothing.

If your skin turns white or you feel the wind causing you a stinging feeling, it is likely you’ve been struck by frostbite. To avoid that, you should wear mittens, not groves. Avoid veering tight footwear – it will help maintain normal blood circulation to your extremities.

Wear at least four layers of clothes; polar boots can save your life

Warm, breathing, quickly drying thermal clothes and woollen clothes are the only thing appropriate to wear in Antarctica and other extremely cold places in the world. Clothes should be warm and dry. Moisture freezes over instantaneously in Antarctica. This is why even if a small amount of water gets in your clothes it is a good idea to change clothes as soon as possible. This especially applies to footwear, as toes are especially sensitive to frostbite.

When travelling a group, watch over other members of the group

It is highly important to follow each person’s situation and help out if problems arise. Antarctica is no place for loners.

You will sooner spot white spots on other people than you will on your own body. Listen carefully for stutters in people’s speech. Stuttering is a sign of frostbite. In this case, it is important to warm up the person as soon as possible.

Watch the ice

Winter in Antarctica is so cold that it freezes the ocean. Ice is an important field of study in Antarctica. Nevertheless, it is also extremely dangerous, as whole sections tend to break off and swim away. The colour of the ice can give a hint as to whether or not it is safe to venture forward. White ice is the safest – its thickness is usually 15-30 cm. So-called young ice is grey; its thickness is 10-15 cm. It can support your weight on skis. It is best to avoid walking on such ice. Never step on black ice. This colour means the ice has only recently formed and is therefore unsafe.

Always carry with you a survival kit and communication devices

GPS device, satellite phone and signal rockets can save your life if you get separated from your group. Having a survival bag is also highly important if you want to survive in Antarctica. This bag should contain an emergency tent, water, food and a hot plate.

Eat a lot and drink sufficient amounts of water

Because of the harsh climate in Antarctica, it is very hard to balance consumed and expended calories. To ensure warmth and enough energy for everyday activities, a person has to consume approximately 5,000-6,000 calories a day. Some people have been known to eat eight chocolate bars a day. The air in Antarctica is so dry that the body loses water by just breathing. It is recommended to drink six to eight litres of water a day.

Keep an eye on the weather

Weather in Antarctica is very changeable. A clear, sunny day can become dangerous in a matter of minutes. Wind speed can reach 160 km/h, which is enough to push a small vehicle. In a snowstorm it is impossible to see anything. This is why it is highly important to keep an eye on the weather at all times. If a storm is coming, get busy building a shelter.

Ref: 102.109.109.8016


Leave a reply

  1. pooper man says:

    addfdd

  2. oh h says:

    i like tf

Denmark cancels Misāne’s extradition to SAR in favour of extradition to Latvia

On Thursday, 20 February, the Danish court approved the decision of the Danish office of the prosecutor to cancel Latvian citizen Kristīne Misāne’s extradition to the South African Republic. On top of that, the Danish office of the prosecutor has also decided to extradite the woman to Latvia instead, as reported by Ritzau.

Warmest winter anyone can remember is wreaking havoc on Lithuania’s nature and store shelves

This winter, so abnormally warm in Lithuania, is bewildering everyone and is wreaking havoc both in the nature and on the store shelves.

Finnish court acquits Baltic online alcohol seller over tax evasion

A court in Finland has delivered a not guilty ruling in a case, where a man had been charged with tax evasion over the online sale of alcohol to Finns in Latvia and Estonia, using online platforms, Finnish broadcaster YLE reports.

Latvian Saeima committee to consider initiative to establish a park at former Marss cycling track

On Thursday, 20 February, the Saeima decided to submit the collective initiative on establishing a part on the territory of the former cycling track Marss to the parliament’s National Security Committee for review, BNN was told by Saeima’s press-service.

Ruling in Maxima tragedy criminal case to be appealed

Riga City Pārdaugava Court’s ruling in the Maxima tragedy criminal case will definitely be appealed, said senior prosecutor Aivars Ostapko in an interview to Latvijas Radio on Thursday, 20 February.

Proposal voiced to deny Aivars Lembergs the option to enter the Saeima

A proposal has been voiced to deny suspended Ventspils mayor Aivars Lembergs, who is accused of committing serious crimes and is added to the list of sanctions of USA, the right to participate in Saeima’s activities, according to information from LTV.

Latvian police liquidates fake news site www.aumytests.net. Employee detained

Latvian State Police has detained a 2001-born young man for reporting fake news, BNN was informed by police.

Cyber security drill held by Estonia in NATO Parliamentary Assembly

In Brussels, during the NATO Parliamentary Assembly, Estonian experts have held a strategic cyber drill, where member state legislators have been asked to look for solutions in a simulated cyber incident, ERR reports.

Turkey warns of military operation in Syria to stop government-Russian forces

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has stated that Turkey’s offensive in north-eastern Syria could start at any moment with the aim of stopping an offensive of the Syrian government and Russian forces on opposition-controlled territory, BBC reports.

Riga Zoological Garden board members Līdaka and Morozovs laid off

Both Riga National Zoological Garden’s chairman of the board Ingmārs Līdaka and board member Andris Morozovs have been fired from their respective posts, as confirmed by Līdaka.

Enterprise Register decides KPV LV party’s February meeting had no decision-making authority

Latvia’s Enterprise Register has decided the 8 February repeated meeting of KPV LV members had no decision-making authority. This is why the Enterprise Register has set a term for prevention of problems or organization of a new meeting.

Germany hit by tragic shootings in bars; suspect found lifeless

In Germany, eight people have been killed and five injured in two shootings in the city of Hanau. Police have found the suspect dead at his residential address, DW reports.

Ķuzis’ friendship with KGB official is no problem to run with New Unity in elections

Ex-chief of Latvian State Police Ints Ķuzis has joined New Unity and intends to run in the upcoming snap elections in Riga, as BNN was informed by the party.

Kristīne Misāne’s representatives say her extradition is temporarily halted

The extradition of Latvian citizen Kristīne Misāne, who is accused of kidnapping her own child, to the South African Republic has been temporarily halted, as Delfi TV ar Jānis Domburs was told by the woman’s sister Mārīte Batraka.

Estonian wind farm land sold for EUR 51.4 million

In Estonia, the auction of a 160-hectare plot of land intended for the erection of wind turbines, has been won by Estonian energy giant Eesti Energia, which offered the price of 51.5 million euros, ERR reports.

Citskovskis: around 3 000 people have left state administration in Latvia in three years

Over the course of three years the number of people employed in Latvia’s state administration has reduced by 3 000 people, as reported by State Chancellery director Jānis Citskovskis at a meeting of Saeima’s Public Administration and Local Government Committee on Wednesday, 19 February.

European Central Bank annuls PNB Bank’s license

The European Central Bank has made a decision to liquidate PNB Bank’s license, as confirmed by Latvia’s Finance and Capital Market Commission.

Number of births in Latvia has increased in January since last year

Over the past four years, birth number is declining, however during the year there are months when greater birth number is registered. Provisional data of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia show that 1.6 thousand newborns were registered in January 2020, which is 5 % more than in the corresponding month a year ago.

133 jobs in welfare liquidated in Latvia last year

A total of 133 jobs were liquidated in Latvia’s welfare sector last year. This was done to reduce and optimize institutions and administration in this sector, as confirmed by Welfare Minister’s advisor Liesma Kalve.

Latvia needs almost 300 million euros to afford Rail Baltica

The funding Latvia needs to implement Rail Baltica project is EUR 297 620 500. This includes EUR 242 385 425 from the Connecting Europe Facility and EUR 55 235 075 from the state co-financing, as reported by Transport Ministry’s communication office.

Spanish government approves digital tax, but waits for OECD deal

As European Union member states seek to tax the profitable business of tech giants, Spanish government has passed a digital services tax, which could affect such US companies as Facebook and Google, according to The Guardian.

Estonian police finds potentially fatal substances added to illegal drugs

In Estonia, the police have informed the society about finding rat poison and washing powder in illegal drugs, ERR reports.

Kariņš: it is blatant we’ve had to wait for so long for a ruling in Maxima tragedy case

It is blatant that we have had to wait for more than six years between the Maxima tragedy and a ruling in the criminal case, said Latvian Prime Minister Krišjānis Kariņš in an interview to LTV programme Rīta panorama on 19 February.

Latvian government takes over National Opera building

The government has decided to take over the Latvian National Opera and Ballet building and hand it over to Culture Ministry for management, as reported by the ministry’s representative Lita Kokale.

Ukraine warfare escalates; OSCE calls for restraint

In Eastern Ukraine, this week has been marked with a deadly battle between Ukrainian government forces and Kremlin-backed separatists. The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe has called on sides to adhere to agreed ceasefire, US news portal Radio Free Europe reports.

Most read

Most commented

Newest comments

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!