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Monday 16.07.2018 | Name days: Hermīne, Estere

Latvia population shrinks by 18.7 thousand people

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Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUIn early 2011, there were 2 230 000 people living in Latvia – a drop of 18.7 thousand, compared to last year. In 2010, the population decrease accounted for 0.83%, compared to 0.57% in 2009.

Due to the natural movement (the number of deaths exceeding births) the number of residents decreased by 10.8 thousand, but due to the long-term migration – by 7.9 thousand. Last year, 2.8 thousand persons arrived from other countries, but 10.7 persons left Latvia for permanent residence abroad.

Compared to the previous year, the number of marriages in 2010 dropped by 6.4% and their number per 1 000 residents formed 4.1. The highest indicator during the last 18 years was recorded in 2007 – 6.8 marriages per 1 000 residents. Compared to 2009, the number of divorces was down 3.3 % last year.

Since 2000, the age of first registered marriage has grown by 2.5 years. In 2010, men concluded their first marriage at the age of 29, but women – 27 years. The average age of the marrying persons was 34 years for men and 31 year for women.

In Latvia the number of single persons is high. 40% of men and 31% of women aged 25– 49 years have not entered into officially-registered marriage.

Last year the number of births accounted for 19.2 thousand or almost 4 700 children less than in 2008 (23.9 thousand), when birth rates were the highest since 1994. Since 2008, the birth rate per 1 000 population has gone down by 18.9%.

48% of the newborn were the first children in their families (50% in 2009). In 2010, the proportion of second children amongst all newborn constituted 35%, compared to 34% a year ago.

Last year, 30 thousand persons died in Latvia. The overall death rate – 13.4 deaths per 1 000 population rose 0.8%.

Decrease of  infant mortality can be mentioned as a positive fact last year. 110 children died during their first year of life. Compared to 2009, the number of infant deaths per 1 000 live births reduced from 7.8 to 5.7 or by 26.9%.

Due to the drop in infant death rates, the population’s life expectancy increased. According to provisional estimates, the average life expectancy of persons born in 2010 is 73.8 years, of which 68.8 years for men and 78.4 years for women. Compared to 2008, it has increased by 1.6 year for men and by 0.5 years – for women.

The 2011 first quarter data show that the birth rate reduction trend will maintain this year as well. In the first quarter, the number of births was by approximately 200 smaller than in the first three months of 2010. While the number of deaths – by around 100 less. The number of registered marriages is slightly growing (by about 100, compared to the first quarter of 2010). Due to migration, the number of population reduced by around 3.1 thousand. If in the first three months of 2010 the number of Latvia’s residents dropped 0.2%, then in the exact period this year – by 0.3%.



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