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Wednesday 18.07.2018 | Name days: Rozālija, Roze
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Researcher: fear and inferiority complex lie in the foundation of corruption

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Guna Svence

Guna Svence

Psychological fear, insecurity and inferiority complex form the base of the principle of corruption, says Riga teacher training and educational management Academy Psychology, Bachelor’s and master’s study programme Director Guna Svence.

She says that this is the reason why corruption never ends. Fear, insecurity and inferiority complex are traits that are characteristic to a typical Latvian resident, but this does not mean everyone is like that. “A typical Latvian is quiet, an introvert, shy and listens to his boss. Almost never opposes ideas, unless an associate has his back. It is a habit – to follow subordination. It is an insecurity of a kind – the fear of being thrown out”.

It is psychologically linked to low self esteem. If such people are involved in politics or entrepreneurship, they tend to copy others. It is typical for Latvia to have much of the actual work being carried out behind the scenes, and this is characteristic for all industries and management areas. The fear of speaking out loud is the reason for this as well, Svence says.

When asked about any other reasons that could be behind the corruption, Svence said that long-term psychological and physical suffering, born from identity crisis, lies at the foundation of corruption. “This crisis appears when an entrepreneur no longer identifies himself with a country or homeland, but only himself and personal benefits. One of the reasons for this could be the entrepreneur’s loss of faith in his country as a community. If there is no faith in the country, there is no reason to pay anything to someone they do not trust”.

There could also be a pragmatic reason, the psychologist says: i.e., when people who are not satisfied with basic needs – physiological needs and safety – dream about their perfect piece of land. “Nowadays they say with tears in the eyes – every Latvian has his own place, a piece of land, a house. It may as well be a business that brings no profit. But if a Latvian resident notices that there is no money left to spend on his personal needs, many companies, for example, see this rather pragmatically and hide their income”, – says Svence.

According to her, if the state wants to motivate residents to come up with new ideas for the state and business development, policy needs to be directed to such a system that would allow for such a motivation to rise. “The state should target the middle class, because the largest state patriots are educated people and the middle class. If the middle class is being subjugated based on the principle “There, you earned the money! Now pay us more! Earn 100% – pay us 70%”, the person that is being used in such a way starts to come up with different schemes”, – the psychologist concludes.

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