bnn.lv Latviski   bnn-news.com English   bnn-news.ru По-русски
Wednesday 26.09.2018 | Name days: Kurts, Knuts, Gundars
LatviaLatvia

Researcher: Latvia had paid more to USSR’s treasury than it had received back

FaceBook
Twitter
Draugiem
print
(No Ratings Yet)

Baltic news, News from Latvia, BNN.LV, BNN-NEWS.COM, BNN-NEWS.RUWhile preparing research in regards to the Soviet era, rector of Vidzeme University Gatis Krumins found folders in the piles of documents of the Bank of Latvia detailing payments performed by Latvia to the treasury of the Soviet Union.

«I was shocked as a researcher. Because I had expected that everything in relation to military affairs had been transported away long ago. Nothing is available here. No one knows anything. And then I noticed all the documents detailing finances and transactions that had taken place in Latvia – military budgets, budget expenditures and investments – are right there. All of them standing right there. Reports of the central accounting office. Who could possibly find that interesting? It is only logical to assume no one. No one has even glanced at them. The moment I saw them it became clear to me there is great potential for a fundamental study. I then began classifying those documents to better understand their system. I came to the conclusion that all documents detailing every last penny are there. All the way from 1946 to 1991,» – Krumins told Nekā personīga.

The researcher had also found documents of similar worth in Lithuania and Estonia. For example, materials uncovered from the Lithuanian archive reveal that after WWII USSR annually spent approximately half a billion rubles on repressive institutions in Latvia’s neighbouring country, which was significantly more when compared with the total spent in Latvia and Estonia. This money was used to finance KGB and the army, which were tasked with liquidating Lithuania’s national resistance movement.

More important discoveries apply to Latvia. Exact numbers in budget reports show that the country was exactly not rolling in money generously provided by Moscow during the Soviet era. Documents state that Latvia had paid more money to USSR than it had received from it.

«The total amount accumulated by Latvia was 85 billion roubles. 44.3 billion roubles was allocated to the budget of Latvian SSR. 40.6 billion roubles was provided to USSR. Some part of this amount had returned. What returned was 24.7 billion. The difference is 15.9 billion. The Soviet propaganda avoided this topic. No mention of the amount that left (40.6 billion roubles). They said nothing of the army and KGB (13.3 billion roubles). They did say the budget of Latvian SSR was being subsidized. There were also other expenditures – 7.3 billion. That is the infrastructure and the union’s companies. What is important to keep in mind is that the amount that went away is much larger. The amount that did return was much smaller. What did return was later used for the army. This is the fundamental difference the documents show and prove,» – Krumins said.

Copies of documents prepared by the central bank of USSR are kept in archives in Moscow. Krumins’ acquaintances in historian circles have inspected documents and have found that numbers detailed in them are the same as those mentioned in copies in Riga.

«When I presented this to my colleagues, those people stood up and exclaimed – this cannot be. My first reaction after looking at those documents was the same. I thought to myself – did I mix something up? Did I misunderstand something? But that is exactly what propaganda programs in us – if you’re told something enough times, we accept is as the truth. This is what the propaganda machine is built for, and Russia understands this well. This programming is already deep in us,» – said the researcher.

Russian ambassador in Latvia Aleksandr Veshnyakov spoke evasively of the findings. According to him, those documents prove nothing. «Documents, well…There are many different historian. There are different documents. I have not analysed those documents from different viewpoints. I would not recommend analysing them only from a single perspective,» – said the ambassador.

The newly-discovered documents will significantly assist the commission tasked with researching the extent of the damage done to Latvia by the Soviet occupation. The cost estimated so far is large – EUR 300 billion. That is the estimated extent of the damage done to the economy. Soon the commission will publish the extent of the damage done to the environment.

One year ago, Baltic justice minister agreed that losses from the Soviet occupation would be recalculated for all three countries and that they would submit a joint request to Russia. This could happen in the next couple of years.

«In 2020, all three Baltic States could develop a joint action package. We have begun working on legal justification this year. This is nothing simple. It is a complicated matter. We also study other associated matters and ways to submit it to appropriate institutions,» – comments member of the commission Ruta Pazdere.

One of the associated matters applies to deported Latvian residents. Former human rights court judge Ineta Ziemele agrees that Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania can develop such an action. But before this can be done, we need to clarify a few things – do we really want to determine the consequences of the Soviet regime. Leaders of state and diplomats are prepared to support it.

Ref: 102.109.109.5098


Leave a reply

Security Police: publication of KGB files could put at risk Latvia’s national security

Publication of KGB files «could cause risks for national security,» said Chief of Security Police Normunds Mežviets in an interview to 900 seconds programme of LNT on Wednesday, 26 September.

Total tax debts in Latvia reach EUR 1.13 billion at beginning of September

At the beginning of September, the total tax debts in Latvia, including topical, halted and extended debts accounted for EUR 1.13 billion, which is 6.7% less when compared to August, as reported by State Revenue Service.

Committee: FCMC should be certain of banks’ ability to survive

The objective of the Finance and Capital Market Committee is making certain banks not only promise but also are able to survive in spite of market changes, as reported by chairman of Saeima Public Expenditure and Audit Committee Andris Bērziņš.

Catholic Church of Germany expresses shame for child sexual abuse

The Catholic clergy of Germany has expressed an apology to several thousand victims of sexual assault by clergy and the top cardinal of the German Catholic church stating the perpetrators must be brought to justice.

Latvian minister asks for re-assessment of Rugby Federation head’s competence

Taking into account the publicly reported information that the president of Latvian Rugby Federation Aivars Pilenieks has physically assaulted a player of U-18 team, Education and Science Minister Kārlis Šadurskis has decided to ask the federation to re-assess Pilenieks’ professional competences and compliance with requirements of his post.

Latvian government to expand Money Laundering Prevention Service’s capacity

On Tuesday, 25 September, Latvian government reached an agreement on the need to reorganize the supervision Cabinet of Ministers has over Money Laundering Prevention Service. At the same time, members of the government also agreed to expand the service’s capacity, Finance Minister Dana Reizniece-Ozola told journalists.

New natural gas tariffs approved in Latvia; those who use more gas will pay less

The Public Utilities Commission has approved AS Gaso’s submitted natural gas transmission system’s tariff project, which provides for the introduction of a fixed fee for connection to permitted load regardless of the consumed gas volume.

OCMA: majority of Latvian immigrants live in Britain, Ireland and Germany

The Office for Citizenship and Migration Affairs has calculated the exact number of Latvian citizens living abroad. The majority of Latvians reside in Britain, followed by Ireland, Germany , and USA, according to the data compiled in July 2018.

Sweden's head of government Löfven loses no-confidence vote

The head of Swedish government, Stefan Löfven has not received the support of parliamentary majority despite his left-wing block narrowly winning the parliamentary election earlier in the month.

CC: number of business merges on a rise in Latvia

In the first eight months of 2018, Competition Council made twelve decisions regarding business merges, which is 50% more than the number of similar decisions made in the same period of last year. Consolidation of market participants takes place the most often in retail trade of household goods, BNN was informed by the council.

EU supervisor to investigate Estonian and Danish banking authorities on Danske Bank

The banking supervisory authority of the European Union has been asked to investigate the work of Denmark and Estonia’s national banking watchdogs over possible shortcomings in failing to prevent money laundering through the Estonia branch of Danske Bank.

airBaltic receives its 12th Airbus A220-300 aircraft

Latvian airBaltic airline has received its twelfth Airbus A220-300 aircraft with registration number YL-CSN. The airline plans to have a total of fourteen Airbus A220-300 aircraft by the end of 2018.

In pictures: Pope Francis arrives in Tallinn

The head of the Roman Catholic church has been welcomed in Tallinn as he begins the last leg of the papal visit to the Baltic states devoted to their centenary.

Meteorologists say first autumn storm in Latvia to take place this week

On Tuesday, 25 September, atmospheric pressure in Latvia will increase and clouds will tend to reduce in the afternoon, as reported by Latvia’s Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre.

Germany's largest bank required to improve fight against money laundering

The financial watchdog of Germany has called on Deutsche Bank to improve its measures against legalisation of dirty money.

Nearly 20,000 Latvians were living in Ireland in spring 2016

19,933 Latvian citizens were living in Ireland in spring 2016, according to census data from Ireland’s Central Statistical Bureau on the number of foreigners living in the country.

Russian protest leader Navalny detained right after previous detention

Alexei Navalny, a supporter of current protests in Russia against pension reform, has been released from administrative arrest, but arrested again on the same day to be kept in administrative arrest for another 20 days on charges of holding an illegal protest.

CPB: Russian special services remain highly interested about Latvia

Russian special services remain highly interested about Latvia’s internal politics. This includes 13th Saeima elections and their possible results. However, there is currently no information to suggest the election process could be influenced from the outside, admits Constitution Protection Bureau.

PHOTO: Pope Francis visits Riga Cathedral and meets seniors at St Jacob’s Cathedral

Pope Francis visited both Riga Castle and Riga Cathedral, where a service was held under his supervision. There he met with different Latvian officials. After that, the pope met with senior citizens at St Jacob’s cathedral.

Pope Francis arrives in Latvia for an official visit

Pope Francis arrived in Latvia on Monday, 24 September. He was greeted at the airport by President Raimonds Vējonis, Archbishop Zbigņevs Stankevičs and other public figures.

Week in Lithuania. President proposes amendments to restrict bailiffs' remuneration

Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaitė is putting forward amendments aimed at restricting bailiffs' financial remuneration to up to 15 per cent of the amount recovered.

BNN summary of the week: pre-election heat, rule of law in Latvia, Baltics prepare for Pope’s visit

BNN offers a summary of this week’s topical news in a variety of categories: Elections; Change; Stagnation; Fight; Visit; Investigation.

Court reschedules viewing of criminal case due to Non-citizens Congress leader’s poor health

Riga City Vidzeme Suburb Court announced today that the viewing of the criminal case in which leader of Non-citizens Congress Aleksandrs Gapoņenko is accused of inciting national hate will be postponed to a later date.

Producer prices in industry up 1.0% in Latvia in August

Compared to July, level of producer prices in the Latvian industry rose by 1.0 % in August 2018. Level of prices of products sold on the domestic market grew by 1.9 %, but of exported products – went up by 0.1 %.

Bishop: priest suspected of sexual abuse to be operated on in hospital

Pāvels Zeiļa, who is a priest of Rezekne Aglona diocese and the suspect in the criminal case regarding sexual violence and human trafficking, will undergo a complicated surgery on Friday, 21 September, as reported by Bishop Jānis Bulis.