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Friday 28.02.2020 | Name days: Skaidrīte, Justs, Skaidra

Five of the most resilient tribes in the world

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Even in our modern age and civilized world there are some harsh locations where people manage to survive in tribes and nearly primitive conditions. Here are five such tribes presented by National Geographic survival instructor Hazen Audel.

The Inuit. The Inuit or the Eskimo are natives of Greenland. Whenever these cold-hardened people go hunting, they construct igloo – temporary shelters made from ice and snow. They feed on what they hunt: reindeer, seals, walruses and fish. Because Greenland is situated beyond the Arctic Circle, life is especially harsh for these people. There are no roads or railway lines. The only way to travel there is by ship or by plane.

Bushmen. Bushmen live in tribes in the Namib Desert and feed on wild plants and animals they hunt. Genetically speaking, the Bushmen may be the oldest people on the planet, because males of this tribe have the oldest genetic structure of the Y chromosome found among all nations in the world. Archaeological finds show that the Bushmen culture has existed for approximately 30 thousand years without change.

Huaorani. The Huaorani tribe lives in Ecuador, in the rainforests of the Amazon. There have been living there for at least one thousand years. This tribe, which feeds off hunting and wild plants, did not have any contact with the outside world until 1956. If you like adventure, you can opt to stay for a while with these people. The trip there takes 45 minutes by helicopter from the capital city of Ecuador, Quito. After that, there will be a trip with canoe, because there are no roads leading there.

Kazakhs of Western Mongolia. Kazakhs living in regions of Altai Mountains still have more or less the same lifestyle they had several thousand years ago. Want to know how they provide themselves with food? They train females of mountain eagles and take them hunting. When hunters track their prey on horseback, they stay on them and then let out the eagle. If the bird fails to catch its prey, a second one is released. The hunt takes place in extremely harsh conditions. Hunters spend several days on horseback high in the mountains in -40 C temperature conditions.

Natives of Solomon Islands. In the south-west of the Pacific Ocean, one of the Solomon Islands looks as though a tropical paradise. However, surviving there is hard – natives of the island are proficient in hunting and sustain themselves nearly completely on shark meat. They also eat coconut crabs [they only eat adult species in order not to disrupt their population in the wild]. An especial treat for this tribe is dried breadfruits.

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